Croton sylvaticus Hochst. ex C. Krauss.

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Croton sylvaticus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd in Bunga Forest

Croton sylvaticus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Croton sylvaticus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba Rd at corner of Jevington rd, Vumba

Croton sylvaticus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba Rd at corner of Jevington rd, Vumba

Croton sylvaticus

Photo: Mark Hyde
48, Borrowdale Road, Harare

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Synonyms: Croton bukobensis Pax
Croton oxypetalus Müll. Arg.
Croton stuhlmannii Pax
Croton verdickii De Wild.
Common names: Forest croton (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or medium to large deciduous tree. Bark pale to dark grey, smooth when young, slightly rough in older trees. Leaves elliptic, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, up to c. 20 cm long, fairly thinly textured, somewhat almond-like aromatic when crushed, stellate hairy on both surfaces when young, hairless when older, 3-5-veined from the base, stalked glands present at the base of the leaf below; margin with glandular teeth. Flowers in terminal racemes, unisexual, mostly male with some female flowers near the base of the inflorescence. Fruit 3-lobed, up to 1 cm in diameter, in conspicuous clusters, orange when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: sylvaticus: sylvan, forest-loving
Habitat: In forest or associated dense woodland, sometimes as a pioneer species.
Altitude range: Up to 1700 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Widespread throughout most of tropical Africa
Malawi distribution: N,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Epiphora mythimnia (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 4 September 2017

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 252.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 286 - 287.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 36.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 86.

Other sources of information about Croton sylvaticus:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Croton sylvaticus
Flora of Zambia: Croton sylvaticus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Croton sylvaticus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Croton sylvaticus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Croton sylvaticus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Croton sylvaticus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Croton sylvaticus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Croton sylvaticus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Croton sylvaticus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Croton sylvaticus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Croton sylvaticus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Croton sylvaticus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Croton sylvaticus
Ispot Southern Africa: Croton sylvaticus
JSTOR Plant Science: Croton sylvaticus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Croton sylvaticus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Croton sylvaticus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Croton sylvaticus
Tropicos: Croton sylvaticus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Croton sylvaticus., retrieved 20 February 2018

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