Adenocline acuta (Thunb.) Baill.

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Synonyms: Acalypha acuta Thunb.
Adenocline mercurialis Turcz.
Common names:
Status: Native
A much-branched annual or perennial herb; stems weak, trailing or scrambling, up to 3 m long, hollow, cylindric, ribbed, green. Leaves opposite, triangular-ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 2–8 cm long, 5–7-nerved from the base, light green; margin toothed; petiole 1–5 cm long. Stipules dissected with subulate-filiform segments up to 4 mm long, persistent. Flowers unisexual on different plants, greenish. Male inflorescences a lax branched head up to 15 cm long and 20 cm wide, laxly paniculate; female inflorescences similar but generally somewhat smaller. Fruit 3-lobed, 2 × 3 mm, smooth, green.
Derivation of specific name: acuta: pointed or acute
Habitat: In montane grassland, along margins of rainforest and on riverbanks in shade in forest, also in thickets and on wooded granite outcrops.
Altitude range: 1340 - 2300 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Zimbabwe, Eswatini and Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape South Africa.
Malawi distribution: C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 3.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 40.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 248 - 249. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Adenocline acuta:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Adenocline acuta

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Adenocline acuta
African Plant Database: Adenocline acuta
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Adenocline acuta
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Adenocline acuta
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Adenocline acuta
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Adenocline acuta
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Adenocline acuta
JSTOR Plant Science: Adenocline acuta
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Adenocline acuta
Plants of the World Online: Adenocline acuta
Tropicos: Adenocline acuta
Wikipedia: Adenocline acuta

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Adenocline acuta., retrieved 11 December 2023

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