Lannea schweinfurthii (Engl.) Engl.
var. stuhlmannii (Engl.) Kokwaro

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Lannea schweinfurthii var. stuhlmannii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hot Springs, Odzi-Save valley

Lannea schweinfurthii var. stuhlmannii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hot Springs, Odzi-Save valley

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Synonyms: Lannea stuhlmannii (Engl.) Engl.
Common names: False marula (English)
Status: Native
Small to medium-sized tree with drooping branches. Bark grey, flaking to reveal a lighter underbark. Leaves crowded at the ends of branches, imparipinnate with 1-5 pairs of leaflets and a terminal leaflet; leaflets broadly ovate or elliptic, 2-9 cm long, terminal leaflet larger than lateral leaflets, pale green, young leaflets densely hairy, more or less hairless when mature; apex abruptly but broadly tapering; margin entire. Flowers unisexual on different trees in axillary spikes, yellow-green. Fruits oblong-ellipsoid, c. 1.2 cm long, fleshy, tipped with 4 small points, dark reddish-brown when ripe.
Notes: See var. tomentosa (Dunkley) Kowaro for comparison
Derivation of specific name: schweinfurthii: after Dr Georg August Schweinfurth (1836-1925), German botanical collector and taxonomist;
stuhlmannii: after Franz Ernest Stuhlmann, one time Acting Governor of Tanganyika and plant collector
Habitat: In deciduous woodland, river valleys and on rocky outcrops, often on termite mounds.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Nov - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zanzibar, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Eswatini and South Africa as far as KwaZulu-Natal.
Malawi distribution: S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 479. As Lannea schweinfurthii (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 36.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 543 - 544.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 21.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 253. As Lannea stuhlmannii

Fernandes, R. & A. (1966). Anacardiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Page 562. as Lannea stuhlmannii

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 16.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 21.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 300 - 303. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 22.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 23.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 196.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 444 - 445. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Lannea schweinfurthii var. stuhlmannii:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Lannea schweinfurthii var. stuhlmannii
Flora of Caprivi: Lannea schweinfurthii var. stuhlmannii
Flora of Mozambique: Lannea schweinfurthii var. stuhlmannii
Flora of Zambia: Lannea schweinfurthii var. stuhlmannii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Lannea schweinfurthii var. stuhlmannii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Lannea schweinfurthii
African Plant Database: Lannea schweinfurthii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Lannea schweinfurthii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Lannea schweinfurthii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Lannea schweinfurthii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Lannea schweinfurthii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Lannea schweinfurthii
JSTOR Plant Science: Lannea schweinfurthii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Lannea schweinfurthii
Plants of the World Online: Lannea schweinfurthii
Tropicos: Lannea schweinfurthii
Wikipedia: Lannea schweinfurthii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Lannea schweinfurthii var. stuhlmannii., retrieved 22 June 2024

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