Elaeodendron matabelicum Loes.

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Elaeodendron matabelicum

Photo: Mark Hyde
New Years Gift Estate, Chipinge district

Elaeodendron matabelicum

Photo: Mark Hyde
New Years Gift Estate, Chipinge district

Elaeodendron matabelicum

Photo: Rob Burrett
Rowallan Park, Matobo National Park

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Synonyms: Cassine matabelica (Loes.) Steedman
Common names: Condiment saffron (English)
Status: Native
Tree 2–12 m high; branches 4-lined and wine-red when young, becoming terete with prominent whitish lenticels and eventually greyish. Leaves yellowish-green to dark green above, greyish-green beneath, oblong to elliptic or lanceolate, 3·5–13 cm long, leathery, yellowish venation more prominent above than beneath; margin obtusely glandular-denticulate or more rarely dentate or subentire; petiole 5–18 mm long. Inflorescences in subglobose, many-flowered axillary clusters; peduncle 3–25 mm. long. Flowers c. 4 mm in diameter, bisexual; Sepals 5, semicircular, c. 0.3 mm long, entire; petals 5, green to yellow, oblong or elliptic-oblong, 1–1·5 mm long; margin paler, entire. Stamens 5. Fruit a yellow or greenish-yellow drupe, drying dark red, subglobose to ellipsoid or obovoid, 13–18 mm long, smooth.
Derivation of specific name: matabelicum: of Matabeleland, in Zimbabwe where the type collection was made.
Habitat: In dry open deciduous woodland and wooded grassland.
Altitude range: 425 - 1525 m
Flowering time:Aug - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Angola through Zambia and Malawi to Mozambique south to Zimbabwe and Botswana
Malawi distribution: C,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
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Content last updated: Tuesday 27 September 2022

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 500. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 23.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 14.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 619 - 620. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 42.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 255. As Cassine matabelica

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 33.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 39.

Robson, N.K.B. (1966). Celastraceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 385 - 389. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 45.

Setshogo, M.P. & Venter, F. (2003). Trees of Botswana: names and distribution SABONET Report No. 18 Southern African Botanical Diversity Network, Pretoria Page 42.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 41. as Cassine matabelicum (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Elaeodendron matabelicum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Elaeodendron matabelicum
Flora of Mozambique: Elaeodendron matabelicum
Flora of Zambia: Elaeodendron matabelicum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Elaeodendron matabelicum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Elaeodendron matabelicum
African Plant Database: Elaeodendron matabelicum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Elaeodendron matabelicum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Elaeodendron matabelicum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Elaeodendron matabelicum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Elaeodendron matabelicum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Elaeodendron matabelicum
JSTOR Plant Science: Elaeodendron matabelicum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Elaeodendron matabelicum
Plants of the World Online: Elaeodendron matabelicum
Tropicos: Elaeodendron matabelicum
Wikipedia: Elaeodendron matabelicum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Elaeodendron matabelicum.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137050, retrieved 17 April 2024

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