Corchorus tridens L.

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Corchorus tridens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Corchorus tridens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Corchorus tridens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Corchorus tridens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Horn-fruited jute (English)
Status: Native
Branched annual herb, up to 60 cm tall, erect when young, older branches spreading. Young branches compressed and angular hairless or sparsely hairy. Leaves oblong to lanceolate, up to 11 cm, hairless or sparsely hairy on the veins; margins crenate-serrate with a long bristle on the 2 lowermost teeth. Flowers in 1-3 flowered leaf-opposed clusters; sepals linear, pointed, as long as the petals. Fruit a more or less erect, cylindric capsule, straight or slightly curved, up to 4 cm long, with a finely rough surface and 3 spreading apical horns.
Derivation of specific name: tridens: 3-toothed
Habitat: Mainly in disturbed areas and as a weed of cultivation.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in the Old World tropics and subtropics.
Malawi distribution: N/C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 314. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 81.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 108.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 227.

Wild, H. (1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 39. (Includes a picture).

Wild, H. (1963). Tiliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 83 - 89. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Corchorus tridens:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Corchorus tridens
Flora of Caprivi: Corchorus tridens
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Corchorus tridens
Flora of Mozambique: Corchorus tridens
Flora of Zambia: Corchorus tridens
Flora of Zimbabwe: Corchorus tridens

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Corchorus tridens
African Plant Database: Corchorus tridens
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Corchorus tridens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Corchorus tridens
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Corchorus tridens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Corchorus tridens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Corchorus tridens
JSTOR Plant Science: Corchorus tridens
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Corchorus tridens
Plants of the World Online: Corchorus tridens
Tropicos: Corchorus tridens
Wikipedia: Corchorus tridens

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Corchorus tridens., retrieved 15 April 2024

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