Sida cordifolia L.
subsp. maculata (Cav.) Marais

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Sida cordifolia subsp. maculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Top of dam wall, Cleveland Dam, Harare

Sida cordifolia subsp. maculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Hwange NP, Main Camp.

Sida cordifolia subsp. maculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chesa Forest Land,Umguza District.

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Common names:
Frequency: Common
Status: Introduced or native
Annual or short-lived perennial herb or soft shrub up to 1 m. Leaves ovate with a cordate base, 3-7 cm long, green to grey-green, velvety with roughly toothed margins; petiole 1-3 cm long. Flowers in clusters, (sub)terminal at the stems and branches, bright yellow. Mericarps 8-12 but usually 10, c.7 mm long, birostrate at the apex with awns 3-4 mm long.
Notes: It is uncertain whether it is of natural or introduced origin in Malawi.
Derivation of specific name: cordifolia: with cordate (heart-shaped) leaves
Habitat: It is commonly found as a weed of cultivated and disturbed soils. It is most common in warmer and drier areas.
Altitude range: Up to 1500 m
Flowering time:Throughout the year
Worldwide distribution: Pantropical
Malawi distribution: C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Gomalia elma elma (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 22 February 2017

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 33. As Sida cordifolia

Exell, A.W. (1961). Malvaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Page 483. As Sida cordifolia

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 294. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 208. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 61.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 82. as Sida cordifolia (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 85. as Sida cordifolia

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 218. as Sida cordifolia

Wild, H. (1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 44. as Sida cordifolia (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Sida cordifolia subsp. maculata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Sida cordifolia subsp. maculata
Flora of Caprivi: Sida cordifolia subsp. maculata
Flora of Mozambique: Sida cordifolia subsp. maculata
Flora of Zambia: Sida cordifolia subsp. maculata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Sida cordifolia subsp. maculata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sida cordifolia
African Plant Database: Sida cordifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sida cordifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sida cordifolia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Sida cordifolia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Sida cordifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sida cordifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Sida cordifolia
iNaturalist: Sida cordifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sida cordifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Sida cordifolia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Sida cordifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sida cordifolia
Plants of the World Online: Sida cordifolia
The Plant List (version 1.1): Sida cordifolia
Tropicos: Sida cordifolia
Wikipedia: Sida cordifolia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Sida cordifolia subsp. maculata., retrieved 29 January 2020

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