Scolopia stolzii Gilg & Sleumer

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Scolopia stolzii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chiniziuwa River, Sofala, Mozambique

Scolopia stolzii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chiniziuwa River, Sofala, Mozambique

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Common names: Large-fruited scolopia (English) River thorn-pear (English)
Status: Native
Small to medium-sized unarmed tree. Bark grey to blackish, peeling in older specimens; branchlets pale with lenticels. Leaves, elliptic to ovate-elliptic, 5-12 cm long, leathery, glabrous, dark green on both surfaces; margin entire or obscurely dentate with widely spaced teeth. Flowers axillary, solitary or in few-flowered clusters, small, greenish-white. Fruit subspherical, 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter, sharply tipped, fleshy, yellow when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: stolzii: after Adolf Ferdinand Stolz (1871-1917), German missionary, merchant and plant collector in Angola and Malawi, particularly of orchids.
Habitat: In riverine fringes and along forest margins.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Sep - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 176. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 642. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 50. As Scolopia stolzii stolzii

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 20.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 261.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 173.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 53. Under Flacourtiaceae

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 106.

Wild, H. (1960). Flacourtiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 277 - 279. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Scolopia stolzii:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Scolopia stolzii
Flora of Zambia: Scolopia stolzii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Scolopia stolzii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Scolopia stolzii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Scolopia stolzii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Scolopia stolzii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Scolopia stolzii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Scolopia stolzii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Scolopia stolzii
JSTOR Plant Science: Scolopia stolzii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Scolopia stolzii
Plants of the World Online: Scolopia stolzii
Tropicos: Scolopia stolzii
Wikipedia: Scolopia stolzii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Scolopia stolzii., retrieved 17 April 2024

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