Dovyalis macrocalyx (Oliv.) Warb.

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Dovyalis macrocalyx

Photo: Tongai Castigo
Nhandare River near Vila Gorongosa

Dovyalis macrocalyx

Photo: Tongai Castigo
Nhandare River near Vila Gorongosa

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Synonyms: Aberia macrocalyx Oliv.
Dovyalis chirindensis Engl.
Dovyalis salicifolia Gilg
Common names:
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree up to c. 7 m tall; young branches slender, usually armed with slender, straight spines up to c. 5 cm long. Leaves narrowly ovate, elliptic or ovate, 2.5–9 cm long, membranous or thinly leathery, somewhat shiny above, hairless on both sides, with 5–7 basal veins, subprominent on both sides; margin remotely crenulate or entire; petiole c. 2 mm long, puberulous. Male flowers in 1–4-flowered axillary clusters; pedicels 2–3 mm long, shortly and densely pubescent; calyx 5-6-lobed, lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, 3–4 mm long; margin entire or occasionally with a few coarse teeth and sometimes with one or two glandular hairs; stamens c. 20, 5 mm long. Female flowers 1–2 per axil; calyx 6–10-lobed, narrowly lanceolate, c. 6.5 mm long, often incurved at the apex, pubescent on both sides; margin with dense stalked glands; styles 2, pubescent, divergent, c. 3 mm. long. Fruiting calyx enlarged, pinkish-green or red, marginal glands also much enlarged and fimbriate-ciliate, the calyx-lobes equal or slightly exceeding the fruit. Fruit fleshy, red, ellipsoid, puberulous, 2-seeded.
Derivation of specific name: macrocalyx: with a large calyx
Habitat: Along edges of evergreen forest.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Uganda, Sudan, Kenya, Tanganyika, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Malawi distribution: S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Phalanta phalantha aethiopica (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 173. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 640. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 23.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 21.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 261.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 53. Under Flacourtiaceae

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 52. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 104.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 73.

Wild, H. (1960). Flacourtiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 281 - 283. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Dovyalis macrocalyx:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Dovyalis macrocalyx
Flora of Mozambique: Dovyalis macrocalyx
Flora of Zambia: Dovyalis macrocalyx
Flora of Zimbabwe: Dovyalis macrocalyx

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Dovyalis macrocalyx
African Plant Database: Dovyalis macrocalyx
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Dovyalis macrocalyx
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Dovyalis macrocalyx
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Dovyalis macrocalyx
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Dovyalis macrocalyx
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Dovyalis macrocalyx
JSTOR Plant Science: Dovyalis macrocalyx
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Dovyalis macrocalyx
Plants of the World Online: Dovyalis macrocalyx
Tropicos: Dovyalis macrocalyx
Wikipedia: Dovyalis macrocalyx

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Dovyalis macrocalyx., retrieved 18 April 2024

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