Adenia gummifera (Harv.) Harms
var. gummifera

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (11)

Adenia gummifera var. gummifera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Essex Rd, Vumba

Adenia gummifera var. gummifera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Essex Rd, Vumba

Adenia gummifera var. gummifera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cloudlands, Vumba

Adenia gummifera var. gummifera

Photo: Bart Wursten
At campsite, Chirinda Forest

Adenia gummifera var. gummifera

Photo: Bart Wursten
At campsite, Chirinda Forest

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Adenia cissampeloides (Planch. ex Hook.) Harms
Ophiocaulon gummifera Hook.
Common names: Monkey rope (English) Snake climber (English)
Status: Native
Robust, semi-woody climber or liane. Stems striped bluish-green, older stems often with whitish powder. Leaves mostly shallowly three-lobed grey-green, distinctly 3-veined from the base. Flowers unisexual on different plants, in axillary clusters, pale greenish. Male flowers in much larger, denser clusters than female flowers. Fruit an oval capsule, consisting of 5 valves, light green.
Derivation of specific name: gummifera: producing gum or resin
Habitat: In forested ravines and forest margins; also in miombo woodland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct - Apr
Worldwide distribution: from Somalia through East and Central Africa to South Africa; also in the Seychelles.
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Acraea natalica natalica (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 4 September 2017

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 648. As Adenia gummifera (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 3.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 23. As Adenia gummifera

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 262.

Fernandes, R. & A. (1978). Passifloraceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 391 - 392.

Fernandes, R. & A. (1980). 79. Passiforaceae Flora de Moçambique Junta de Investigaçoes de Ultramar, Centro de Botanica Pages 18 - 19.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 66.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Pages 53 - 54. as Ophiocaulon gummifera

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 143.

Other sources of information about Adenia gummifera var. gummifera:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Adenia gummifera var. gummifera
Flora of Zambia: Adenia gummifera var. gummifera
Flora of Zimbabwe: Adenia gummifera var. gummifera

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Adenia gummifera
African Plant Database: Adenia gummifera
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Adenia gummifera
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Adenia gummifera
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Adenia gummifera
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Adenia gummifera
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Adenia gummifera
JSTOR Plant Science: Adenia gummifera
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Adenia gummifera
Plants of the World Online: Adenia gummifera
Tropicos: Adenia gummifera
Wikipedia: Adenia gummifera

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Adenia gummifera var. gummifera., retrieved 30 May 2024

Site software last modified: 3 April 2018 9:36pm
Terms of use