Chrysophyllum gorungosanum Engl.

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Chrysophyllum gorungosanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Main road from Thazima Gate, Nyika National Park

Chrysophyllum gorungosanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Main road from Thazima Gate, Nyika National Park

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Synonyms: Chrysophyllum boivinianum auct.
Chrysophyllum fulvum S. Moore
Common names: Brown-berry fluted-milkwood (English) Fluted milkwood (English)
Status: Native
Large evergreen tree with a long, straight stem, which is characteristically fluted. Leaves narrowly to broadly oblong-elliptic, shiny dark green and glabrous above, covered in rusty or silvery velvet hairs below. Midrib and lateral veins clearly visible; margin entire. Flowers in short, axillary clusters, whitish, densely covered by rusty hairs. Fruit ellipsoid to almost spherical, covered in dark brown hairs.
Notes: In forest situations the leaves may be confused with those of Englerophytum magalismontanum. The latter usually has narrower leaves with the lateral veins obscured by the velvet hairs on the underside.
Derivation of specific name: gorungosanum: of Mt Gorongosa in Mozambique, where the type was collected.
Habitat: In evergreen forest.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Dec - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Cameroon, Angola, DRC, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 16 May 2019

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 260. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 736. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 875.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 109.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 18.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 266.

Kupicha, F.K. (1983). Sapotaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 213 - 214. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 76.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 96.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 62. as Chrysophyllum fulvum

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 174.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 75.

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press. Page 320. as Chrysophyllum boivinianum

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 538 - 539. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Chrysophyllum gorungosanum:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
Flora of Mozambique: Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
Flora of Zambia: Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Chrysophyllum gorungosanum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
African Plant Database: Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
JSTOR Plant Science: Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
Plants of the World Online: Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
Tropicos: Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
Wikipedia: Chrysophyllum gorungosanum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Chrysophyllum gorungosanum., retrieved 19 July 2024

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