Chrysophyllum viridifolium J.M. Wood & Franks

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Synonyms: Donella viridifolia (J.M. Wood & Franks) Aubrév. & Pellegr.
Common names: Fluted milkwood (English)
Evergreen tree. Stem often fluted at the base; bark mottled pale grey, fairly smooth, branches held in the horizontal plane, somewhat zigzag; young branches with reddish short hairs. Leaves oblong to narrowly ovate-oblong, up 4-9.5 × 1.5-5 cm., contracted at the apex to a blunt tip, glossy dark green above, hairless with the midrib indented, paler green below, with fine rusty hairs, particularly on the midrib; lateral veining fine but distinct, forming a sub-marginal vein; margin entire, wavy. Flowers in axillary clusters; white. Fruit subspherical, up to 3.5 cm in diameter, slightly 3-5-ribbed, yellow and when ripe, edible.
Derivation of specific name: viridifolium: green-leaved
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Jan - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Eswatini and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Malawi distribution:
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Pseudarcraea boisduvalii trimenii (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 736. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 266.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 169.

Kupicha, F.K. (1983). Sapotaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Page 212.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 76.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 174.

Other sources of information about Chrysophyllum viridifolium:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Chrysophyllum viridifolium
Flora of Zimbabwe: Chrysophyllum viridifolium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Chrysophyllum viridifolium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Chrysophyllum viridifolium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Chrysophyllum viridifolium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Chrysophyllum viridifolium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Chrysophyllum viridifolium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Chrysophyllum viridifolium
JSTOR Plant Science: Chrysophyllum viridifolium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Chrysophyllum viridifolium
Plants of the World Online: Chrysophyllum viridifolium
Tropicos: Chrysophyllum viridifolium
Wikipedia: Chrysophyllum viridifolium

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Chrysophyllum viridifolium., retrieved 13 April 2024

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