Nuxia congesta R. Br. ex Fresen.

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Nuxia congesta

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rd to Bunga Views, Vumba

Nuxia congesta

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Nuxia congesta

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rd to Bunga Views, Vumba

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Synonyms: Nuxia sambesina Gilg
Nuxia viscosa Gibbs
Common names: Brittlewood (English) Common wild elder (English)
Shrub or variable tree. Leaves are usually in whorls of 3, crowded near the ends of branches. In immature specimens the leaves are distinctly serrate and the branchlets are red (image 2), while in mature trees the leaf margins are usually entire and typically rolled under (image 1). Flowers fragrant, in dense mushroom-shaped heads, white, rarely tinged with mauve. Fruit a small hairy capsule, c. 3 mm embedded in the persistent calyx.
Derivation of specific name: congesta: congested (refers to a tight inflorescence)
Altitude range:
Flowering time:May - Aug
Worldwide distribution: Tropical and southern Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea and southern Arabia
Malawi distribution:
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 117. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 872. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 40.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 26.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 19.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 268.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. (1983). Loganiaceae (inc. Buddlejaceae) Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 349 - 350.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 58. Under Loganiaceae

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 41.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 67. as Lachnopylis sambesina (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 116.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 74.

Other sources of information about Nuxia congesta:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Nuxia congesta
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Nuxia congesta
Flora of Mozambique: Nuxia congesta
Flora of Zambia: Nuxia congesta
Flora of Zimbabwe: Nuxia congesta

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Nuxia congesta
African Plant Database: Nuxia congesta
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Nuxia congesta
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Nuxia congesta
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Nuxia congesta
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Nuxia congesta
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Nuxia congesta
JSTOR Plant Science: Nuxia congesta
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Nuxia congesta
Plants of the World Online: Nuxia congesta
Tropicos: Nuxia congesta
Wikipedia: Nuxia congesta

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Nuxia congesta., retrieved 13 April 2024

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