Strophanthus kombe Oliv.

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Strophanthus kombe

Photo: Bart Wursten
Between Hot Springs Resort and Odzi R.

Strophanthus kombe

Photo: Bart Wursten
Between Hot Springs Resort and Odzi R.

Strophanthus kombe

Photo: Bart Wursten
Tonorai primary School, rd to Birchenough Bridge, Save Valley

Strophanthus kombe

Photo: Bart Wursten
Tonorai primary School, rd to Birchenough Bridge, Save Valley

Strophanthus kombe

Photo: Duncan Schroeter
Near Rhino Safari Camp, Matusadona

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Synonyms: Strophanthus hispidus DC. var. kombe (Oliv.) Holmes
Common names: Large-leaved poison rope (English) Zambezi tail flower (English)
Status: Native
Scrambling shrub or strong deciduous climber. Leaves broadly ovate to obovate with a wrinkled appearance, velvety hairy on both sides when young, becoming glabrescent above in mature leaves. Flowers appear in clusters at the ends of the short branchlets, before or with the new leaves.
Derivation of specific name: kombe: probably derived from a East African vernacular name.
Habitat: In hot, dry woodland, often in rocky terrain.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Caprivi-Namibia and northeastern South Africa.
Malawi distribution: S
Growth form(s): Climber, liane, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Bruyns, P.V. (2014). The Apocynaceae of Namibia Strelitzia 34 SANBI, Pretoria, South Africa Page 17.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 811. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 53.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 27.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 269.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. & Kupicha, F.K. et al. (1985). Apocynaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Pages 474 - 476. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 19.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 92, plate 126

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 29.

Other sources of information about Strophanthus kombe:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Strophanthus kombe
Flora of Caprivi: Strophanthus kombe
Flora of Mozambique: Strophanthus kombe
Flora of Zambia: Strophanthus kombe
Flora of Zimbabwe: Strophanthus kombe
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Strophanthus kombe

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Strophanthus kombe
African Plant Database: Strophanthus kombe
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Strophanthus kombe
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Strophanthus kombe
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Strophanthus kombe
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Strophanthus kombe
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Strophanthus kombe
JSTOR Plant Science: Strophanthus kombe
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Strophanthus kombe
Plants of the World Online: Strophanthus kombe
Tropicos: Strophanthus kombe
Wikipedia: Strophanthus kombe

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Strophanthus kombe., retrieved 24 February 2024

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