Gomphocarpus glaucophyllus Schltr.

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Gomphocarpus glaucophyllus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mtoroshanga Pass, Gt Dyke

Gomphocarpus glaucophyllus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mtoroshanga Pass, Gt Dyke

Gomphocarpus glaucophyllus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mtoroshanga Pass, Gt Dyke

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Asclepias glaucophylla (Schltr.) Schltr.
Asclepias lilacina Weim.
Common names: Blue milkweed (English)
Status: Native
Perennial herb, growing from a woody rhizome. Stems 1-several, ascending to erect, up to 1 m long, hairless and more or less blue-green. Leaves opposite (sub)sessile, ovate to lanceolate, 7-12 cm long, distinctly blue-green and with a waxy bloom on both surfaces, cordate at the base. Flowers in 9-15-flowered, extra-axillary nodding umbels. Corolla lobes usually reflexed, greenish-yellow, sometimes purplish on the outside. Corona lobes attached c. 1.5 mm above the base of the staminal column, greenish-yellow, as tall as the column. Follicle erect on a twisted pedicel, fusiform or slightly inflated oblong-elliptic, 5.5-10 cm long, occasionally longitudinally winged, hairless, often blue-green.
Derivation of specific name: glaucophyllus: with glaucous (bluish-green) leaves
Habitat: In grassland, Brachystegia and mixed deciduous woodland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Eswatini and Mpumalanga, Gauteng, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Malawi distribution: N,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 102 - 103. (Includes a picture).

Binns, B. (1968). A First Check List of the Herbaceous Flora of Malawi The Government Printer, Zomba, Malawi Page 21.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 28.

Goyder, D.J. & Nicholas, A. (2001). A revision of Gomphocarpus R. Br. Kew Bulletin 56 Pages 813 - 815.

Goyder, D.J., Gilbert, M.G. & Venter, H.J.T. (2020). Apocynaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Page 300. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 20.

Other sources of information about Gomphocarpus glaucophyllus:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Gomphocarpus glaucophyllus
Flora of Zambia: Gomphocarpus glaucophyllus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Gomphocarpus glaucophyllus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Gomphocarpus glaucophyllus
African Plant Database: Gomphocarpus glaucophyllus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Gomphocarpus glaucophyllus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Gomphocarpus glaucophyllus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Gomphocarpus glaucophyllus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Gomphocarpus glaucophyllus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gomphocarpus glaucophyllus
JSTOR Plant Science: Gomphocarpus glaucophyllus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Gomphocarpus glaucophyllus
Plants of the World Online: Gomphocarpus glaucophyllus
Tropicos: Gomphocarpus glaucophyllus
Wikipedia: Gomphocarpus glaucophyllus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Gomphocarpus glaucophyllus.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=145700, retrieved 15 April 2024

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