Premna senensis Klotzsch

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Premna senensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Between Zambezi river and River Drive, Zambezi National Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Large-leaved skunk-bush (English)
Status: Native
Scrambling shrub or small bushy, soft-wooded tree with drooping branches. Leaves opposite or in whorls of 3, unpleasantly aromatic when crushed, broadly ovate to oblong, usually 6-9 cm long, pale green, leathery, velvety on both surfaces, margin coarsely and bluntly toothed in the apical parts. Flowers in small terminal heads; corolla c. 4 mm in diameter, white with spreading lobes. Fruit ovoid, 3-6 mm in diameter, fleshy, glandular with the persistent calyx ribbed.
Derivation of specific name: senensis: from Sena on the Zambezi River in Mozambique
Habitat: In riverine fringes, on termite mounds and dry rocky hillsides, sometimes forming thickets.
Altitude range: Up to 1270 m
Flowering time:Nov - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, Burundi, Caprivi - Namibia, DRC, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 2 February 2016

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 841. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 575.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 271.

Fernandes, R. (2005). Lamiaceae (subfamilies: Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 69 - 71. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 79.

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press.

Other sources of information about Premna senensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Premna senensis
Flora of Caprivi: Premna senensis
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Premna senensis
Flora of Mozambique: Premna senensis
Flora of Zambia: Premna senensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Premna senensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Premna senensis
African Plant Database: Premna senensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Premna senensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Premna senensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Premna senensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Premna senensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Premna senensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Premna senensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Premna senensis
Plants of the World Online: Premna senensis
Tropicos: Premna senensis
Wikipedia: Premna senensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Premna senensis., retrieved 21 April 2024

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