Kalaharia uncinata (Schinz) Moldenke

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Kalaharia uncinata

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave

Kalaharia uncinata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Between Malangalanga and Area 3, Lilongwe

Kalaharia uncinata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Between Malangalanga and Area 3, Lilongwe

Kalaharia uncinata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Between Malangalanga and Area 3, Lilongwe

Kalaharia uncinata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Between Malangalanga and Area 3, Lilongwe

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Clerodendrum spinescens (Oliv.) Gürke
Clerodendrum uncinatum Schinz
Cyclonema spinescens Oliv.
Kalaharia spinescens (Oliv.) Gürke
Kalaharia spinipes Baill.
Rotheca uncinata (Schinz) P.P.J. Herman & Retief
Common names:
Status: Native
Erect, ascending or procumbent, shrubby perennial herb up to 1.2 m. Stems and branches angular, set with recurved and straight axillary spines. Leaves opposite, sometimes subopposite or alternate, broadly elliptic to almost round, sometimes broader than long, c. 7 × 5 cm, hairy on both surfaces, veins prominent below; margin entire. Flowers axillary, solitary, showy, scarlet-red, orange to yellow in the centre. Peduncles persisting as straight spines after the flowers have fallen. Fruit ovoid up to 17 mm long, shiny black and slightly lobed when ripe, held in the persistent calyx.
Derivation of specific name: uncinatum: hooked
Habitat: In wooded grassland, open woodland, roadsides and disturbed areas, often on alluvial soils.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, DRC, Malawi, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe and North-West Province, South Africa.
Malawi distribution: C,S
Growth form(s): Shrub under 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 4 October 2018

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 142 - 143. as Clerodendrum uncinatum (Includes a picture).

Fernandes, R. (2005). Lamiaceae (subfamilies: Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 146 - 149. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 136. as Clerodendrum uncinatum (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 55.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 69. as Clerodendrum uncinatum

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 68. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 98 - 99. as Clerodendrum uncinatum (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (2011). Wild flowers, Waterplants and Grasses of the Okavango Delta and Kalahari "Did You Know" nature series Struik Nature for Veronica Roodt Publications Page 74. as Clerodendrum uncinatum (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 79. as Rotheca uncinata

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 215.

Other sources of information about Kalaharia uncinata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Kalaharia uncinata
Flora of Caprivi: Kalaharia uncinata
Flora of Zambia: Kalaharia uncinata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Kalaharia uncinata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Kalaharia uncinata
African Plant Database: Kalaharia uncinata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Kalaharia uncinata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Kalaharia uncinata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Kalaharia uncinata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Kalaharia uncinata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Kalaharia uncinata
JSTOR Plant Science: Kalaharia uncinata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Kalaharia uncinata
Plants of the World Online: Kalaharia uncinata
Tropicos: Kalaharia uncinata
Wikipedia: Kalaharia uncinata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Kalaharia uncinata.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=148970, retrieved 30 May 2024

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