Solanum aculeastrum Dunal
var. aculeastrum

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Solanum aculeastrum var. aculeastrum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ewanrigg

Solanum aculeastrum var. aculeastrum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ewanrigg

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Goat bitter-apple (English) Poison apple (English)
Frequency:
Status: Probably native.
Description:
Shrub or small tree. Branchlets densely covered in woolly hairs and armed with sharp, curved thorns. Leaves alternate, broadly elliptic, shallowly to deeply lobed, leathery, shiny green above, whitish velvety below, often with strong spines along the midrib and petiole. Flowers in axillary clusters, 2-3 cm wide, white to pale mauve with distinct yellow stamens and long, strap-like corolla lobes. Fruit fleshy, almost spherical, up to 5 cm in diameter, green to yellow when ripe, drying brownish to black. The fruits are highly toxic but are used in traditional medicine.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: aculeastrum: somewhat prickly
Habitat:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Mainly Dec - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa and South Africa
Malawi distribution: C,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 865. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 272. As Solanum aculeastrum

Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Solanaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(4) Pages 107 - 109.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 79. As Solanum aculeastrum

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 74. As Solanum aculeastrum (Includes a picture).

Wild, H. (1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 88. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Solanum aculeastrum var. aculeastrum:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Solanum aculeastrum var. aculeastrum
Flora of Zambia: Solanum aculeastrum var. aculeastrum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Solanum aculeastrum var. aculeastrum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Solanum aculeastrum
African Plant Database: Solanum aculeastrum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Solanum aculeastrum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Solanum aculeastrum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Solanum aculeastrum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Solanum aculeastrum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Solanum aculeastrum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Solanum aculeastrum
iNaturalist: Solanum aculeastrum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Solanum aculeastrum
JSTOR Plant Science: Solanum aculeastrum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Solanum aculeastrum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Solanum aculeastrum
Plants of the World Online: Solanum aculeastrum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Solanum aculeastrum
Tropicos: Solanum aculeastrum
Wikipedia: Solanum aculeastrum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Solanum aculeastrum var. aculeastrum.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=150570, retrieved 10 December 2019

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