Solanum terminale Forssk.

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Solanum terminale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Luwawa Forest Lodge, Viphya, Mzimba.

Solanum terminale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Luwawa Forest Lodge, Viphya, Mzimba.

Solanum terminale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Luwawa Forest Lodge, Viphya, Mzimba.

Solanum terminale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Luwawa Forest Lodge, Viphya, Mzimba.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Solanum bifurcum Hochst.
Solanum plousianthemum Dammer
Solanum rhodesianum Dammer
Solanum terminale Forssk. subsp. sanaganum (Bitter) Heine
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Creeper or climber to 3(-7) m. Leaves elliptic, 7(-11) × 3(-6) cm, sparsely pubescent to hairless; base rounded, decurrent on the petiole; apex acuminate; margin entire; petiole 1-2 cm. Flowers composed of 3-5 pedunculate umbels arranged in a dense terminal inflorescence. Pedicels 1-2 cm, thickened below the flower. Calyx lobes 5. Petals 7-10 mm, white, mauve, purple or blue; anthers yellow. Flowers 15-20 mm in diameter. Fruit 6-10 mm in diameter, spherical, red when ripe.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: terminale: borne at the apex of the stem (terminal), referring to the inflorescence.
Habitat: On granite hills or in montane forest and on forest edges
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Throughout Africa from Guinea eastwards to Ethiopia and south to South Africa; also Yemen and the Comoro Islands
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s): Climber, liane.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 10 March 2019
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 126 - 127. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 865. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 273. As Solanum terminale sanaganum

Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Solanaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(4) Pages 77 - 78.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 178.

Other sources of information about Solanum terminale:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Solanum terminale
Flora of Zambia: Solanum terminale
Flora of Zimbabwe: Solanum terminale

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Solanum terminale
African Plant Database: Solanum terminale
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Solanum terminale
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Solanum terminale
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Solanum terminale
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Solanum terminale
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Solanum terminale
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Solanum terminale
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Solanum terminale
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Solanum terminale
Ispot Southern Africa: Solanum terminale
JSTOR Plant Science: Solanum terminale
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Solanum terminale
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Solanum terminale
The Plant List (version 1.1): Solanum terminale
Tropicos: Solanum terminale


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Solanum terminale.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=150740, retrieved 25 March 2019

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