Orobanche minor Sm.

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Orobanche minor

Photo: Bas Jongeling
Gosho Park, Marondera

Orobanche minor

Photo: Petra Ballings
Val D'Or, Goromozi

Orobanche minor

Photo: Petra Ballings
Val D'Or, Goromozi

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Common names: Common broomrape (English)
Status: Probably native
Erect parasitic herb, lacking chlorophyll. Whole plant yellowish-brown, covered in glandular hairs. Stem with a few ovate-lanceolate scales. Inflorescence terminal. Flowers dull yellow, pinkish to violet-blue, with darker veins. Fruit an ovoid-ellipsoid capsule.
Derivation of specific name: minor: "the smaller", lesser.
Habitat: A parasite on many cultivated crop species; also in grassland, woodland and along forest margins.
Altitude range: Up to 2300 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread throughout most of the Northern Hemisphere but also in most of Subsaharan Africa. This may suggest it might not be native here.
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 220. (Includes a picture).

Graham, R.A. (1957). Orobanchaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 5 - 6.

Henderson, L. (2001). Alien weeds and invasive plants Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. 12. Plant Protection Research Institute, Agricultural Research Council, South Africa. Page 55. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 65.

Philcox, D. (1990). Scrophulariaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(2) Pages 160 - 161. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 98.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 142.

Other sources of information about Orobanche minor:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Orobanche minor
Flora of Zambia: Orobanche minor
Flora of Zimbabwe: Orobanche minor

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Orobanche minor
African Plant Database: Orobanche minor
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Orobanche minor
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Orobanche minor
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Orobanche minor
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Orobanche minor
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Orobanche minor
JSTOR Plant Science: Orobanche minor
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Orobanche minor
Plants of the World Online: Orobanche minor
Tropicos: Orobanche minor
Wikipedia: Orobanche minor

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Orobanche minor.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=152320, retrieved 27 September 2023

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