Markhamia zanzibarica (Bojer ex DC.) K. Schum.

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Markhamia zanzibarica

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Chipangayi River, Save Valley

Markhamia zanzibarica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Christon Bank

Markhamia zanzibarica

Photo: Rob Burrett
South-West of Hwange Town

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Synonyms: Markhamia acuminata (Klotzsch) K. Schum.
Markhamia stenocarpa (Seem.) K. Schum.
Common names: Bean-tree (English) Maroon bell-bean (English)
Status: Native
Small straggling tree. Leaves with 2-4 pairs of obovate to almost circular leaflets and a terminal leaflet, finely yellowish hairy when young, glabrescent above when mature; leaflets pointed at the apex. Flowers in terminal or axillary racemes, sometimes on the old wood, showy, maroon on the inside of the corolla, yellow, speckled with maroon on the outside. Fruit a slender capsule, dark brown.
Derivation of specific name: zanzibarica: of Zanzibar
Habitat: In riverine fringes and on rocky outcrops.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa and northern South Africa.
Malawi distribution: S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 878. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 38.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 25.

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 41 - 44. as Markhamia acuminata (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 599 - 600. (Includes a picture).

Diniz, M.A. (1988). Bignoniaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3) Pages 74 - 76. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 273. As Markhamia acuminata

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 30.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 43. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 144 - 145. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 40.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Pages 75 - 76. as Markhamia acuminata

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 201.

Other sources of information about Markhamia zanzibarica:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Markhamia zanzibarica
Flora of Caprivi: Markhamia zanzibarica
Flora of Mozambique: Markhamia zanzibarica
Flora of Zambia: Markhamia zanzibarica
Flora of Zimbabwe: Markhamia zanzibarica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Markhamia zanzibarica
African Plant Database: Markhamia zanzibarica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Markhamia zanzibarica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Markhamia zanzibarica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Markhamia zanzibarica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Markhamia zanzibarica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Markhamia zanzibarica
JSTOR Plant Science: Markhamia zanzibarica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Markhamia zanzibarica
Plants of the World Online: Markhamia zanzibarica
Tropicos: Markhamia zanzibarica
Wikipedia: Markhamia zanzibarica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Markhamia zanzibarica., retrieved 22 July 2024

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