Stereospermum kunthianum Cham.

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Stereospermum kunthianum

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave

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Common names: Pink jacaranda (English)
Status: Native
Small, to medium-sized tree, sometimes only a small shrub. Bark grey, smooth, sometimes flaking, revealing pale underbark. Leaves opposite, imparipinnate with 4 pairs of leaflets and a terminal leaflet; leaflets oblong, mostly c. 8 × 3 cm with short hairs; margin entire or rarely obscurely dentate. Flowers in large panicles, showy, pink with red streaks on the lower corolla lobes, 3-4 cm in diameter. Flowering before the new leaves appear. Fruit a long. slender capsule, 35-50 cm, flattened, reddish brown, dehiscent. Seeds winged.
Derivation of specific name: kunthianum: probably named after Karl Sigismund Kunth (1788-1850), German professor of botany at the University of Berlin and Vice President of the botanical garden. Also co-author of Nova Genera et Species Plantarum (1815-1825).
Habitat: On rocky hillsides, in open woodland, on termite mounds and along the margins of riverine forest.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Senegal to Ethiopia and South to Mozambique, Zimbabwe.
Malawi distribution:
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 11 February 2017

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 115. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 879. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 53.

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 45 - 48. as Stereospermum kuntheanum (Includes a picture).

Diniz, M.A. (1988). Bignoniaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3) Pages 77 - 79. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 273.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 30.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 62.

Other sources of information about Stereospermum kunthianum:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Stereospermum kunthianum
Flora of Mozambique: Stereospermum kunthianum
Flora of Zambia: Stereospermum kunthianum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Stereospermum kunthianum
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Stereospermum kunthianum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Stereospermum kunthianum
African Plant Database: Stereospermum kunthianum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Stereospermum kunthianum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Stereospermum kunthianum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Stereospermum kunthianum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Stereospermum kunthianum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Stereospermum kunthianum
JSTOR Plant Science: Stereospermum kunthianum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Stereospermum kunthianum
Plants of the World Online: Stereospermum kunthianum
Tropicos: Stereospermum kunthianum
Wikipedia: Stereospermum kunthianum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Stereospermum kunthianum., retrieved 16 April 2024

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