Streptocarpus solenanthus Mansf.

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Streptocarpus solenanthus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zovo Chipolo Forest, Nyika National Park

Streptocarpus solenanthus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zovo Chipolo Forest, Nyika National Park

Streptocarpus solenanthus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zovo Chipolo Forest, Nyika National Park

Streptocarpus solenanthus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zovo Chipolo Forest, Nyika National Park

Streptocarpus solenanthus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zovo Chipolo Forest, Nyika National Park

Streptocarpus solenanthus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zovo Chipolo Forest, Nyika National Park

Streptocarpus solenanthus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zovo Chipolo Forest, Nyika National Park

Streptocarpus solenanthus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zovo Chipolo Forest, Nyika National Park

Streptocarpus solenanthus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zovo Chipolo Forest, Nyika National Park

Streptocarpus solenanthus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zovo Chipolo Forest, Nyika National Park

Streptocarpus solenanthus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zovo Chipolo Forest, Nyika National Park

Streptocarpus solenanthus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zovo Chipolo Forest, Nyika National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Single-leaved monocarpic herb. Leaf ovate or oblong, usually c. 70–150 mm long, rarely longer up to 350 mm, green on both surfaces, shortly hairy. Inflorescence with flowers tending to be massed at one level, hairy with non-glandular hairs, hairs longer and deflexed in the lower part. Peduncles 1–4, up to 150 mm long; pedicels up to 20 mm long; bracts linear, c.5 mm long. Calyx divided almost to the base into 5 linear-lanceolate segments 2–3 mm long, shortly pubescent. Corolla very light violet; tube cylindric, 3–5 mm in diameter, 22–36 mm long, pubescent outside, sometimes wholly white, sometimes light to medium violet inside and on the lobes, often with slightly darker patches in the throat; corolla lobes small in relation to tube, more or less spreading, upper two 2–5 mm long and wide, lower lip 5–8 mm long, lobes 3–6 mm long and wide, all rounded. Fruit slender, 50–80 mm long, shortly pubescent.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Epiphyte in forest or sometimes exposed on rocks
Altitude range: 1350 - 2300 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Malawi distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 14 March 2019
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 180. (Includes a picture).

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 28.

Hilliard, O.M. & Burtt, B.L. (1971). Streptocarpus, an African Plant Study University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg Pages 185 - 186. (Includes a picture).

Hilliard, O.M. & Burtt, B.L. (1988). Gesneriaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3) Page 47.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 54.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 67.

Other sources of information about Streptocarpus solenanthus:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Streptocarpus solenanthus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Streptocarpus solenanthus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Streptocarpus solenanthus
African Plant Database: Streptocarpus solenanthus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Streptocarpus solenanthus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Streptocarpus solenanthus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Streptocarpus solenanthus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Streptocarpus solenanthus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Streptocarpus solenanthus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Streptocarpus solenanthus
iNaturalist: Streptocarpus solenanthus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Streptocarpus solenanthus
JSTOR Plant Science: Streptocarpus solenanthus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Streptocarpus solenanthus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Streptocarpus solenanthus
Plants of the World Online: Streptocarpus solenanthus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Streptocarpus solenanthus
Tropicos: Streptocarpus solenanthus
Wikipedia: Streptocarpus solenanthus


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Streptocarpus solenanthus.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=152700, retrieved 15 September 2019

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