Pentodon pentandrus (Schumach. & Thonn.) Vatke
var. minor Bremek.

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Pentodon pentandrus var. minor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyamakari River bridge, Burma Valley

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Synonyms: Hedyotis pentamera Sond.
Pentodon decumbens Hochst.
Common names:
Status: Native
Annual or short-lived perennial herb with single, procumbent or suberect stems. Leaves opposite, linear-lanceolate to elliptic. Flowers on long peduncles in axillary few-flowered inflorescences, white, pale blue or mauve with soft hairs on the throat and corolla.
Derivation of specific name: pentandrus: with five stamens.
Habitat: In association with grasses and sedges on riverbanks, margins of vleis and swamps, and along pools and dams.
Altitude range: Up to 1050 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zanzibar, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Eswatini and Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Also in Seychelles
Malawi distribution: S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 2 October 2015

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 103. As Pentodon pentandrus

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 73.

Verdcourt, B. (1988). Rubiaceae, Part 1 Flora Zambesiaca 5(1) Pages 117 - 118. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Pentodon pentandrus var. minor:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Pentodon pentandrus var. minor
Flora of Mozambique: Pentodon pentandrus var. minor
Flora of Zimbabwe: Pentodon pentandrus var. minor

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pentodon pentandrus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pentodon pentandrus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pentodon pentandrus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pentodon pentandrus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Pentodon pentandrus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pentodon pentandrus
JSTOR Plant Science: Pentodon pentandrus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pentodon pentandrus
Plants of the World Online: Pentodon pentandrus
Tropicos: Pentodon pentandrus
Wikipedia: Pentodon pentandrus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Pentodon pentandrus var. minor., retrieved 21 April 2024

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