Oxyanthus speciosus DC.
subsp. stenocarpus (K. Schum.) Bridson

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Oxyanthus speciosus subsp. stenocarpus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Seldomseen, Vumba

Oxyanthus speciosus subsp. stenocarpus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Seldomseen, Vumba

Oxyanthus speciosus subsp. stenocarpus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Seldomseen, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Oxyanthus stenocarpus K. Schum.
Common names: Whipstick loquat (English) Whipstick tree (English)
Status: Native
Evergreen shrub or small tree with horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, elliptic to narrowly ovate, dark green, leathery, lateral veins indented above, glabrous except for tufted domatia. Flowers greenish-white, in dense heads long slender corolla tubes up to 7 cm. Fruit ellipsoid to spindle-shaped, crowned with the persistent calyx lobes, yellow when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: speciosus: showy, good-looking
stenocarpus: with narrow fruit
Habitat: In the understorey of evergreen forest.
Altitude range: 900 - 1870 m
Flowering time:Nov - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Eastern DRC, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Limpopo, South Africa.
Malawi distribution: N,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Cartaletis libyssa (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 5 October 2015

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 678 - 680.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 248. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 967. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 1062.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 102.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 22. As Oxyanthus speciosus

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 275. As Oxyanthus speciosus

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 73.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 632 - 633. As Oxyanthus speciosus (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 80. As Oxyanthus gerrardii

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 165.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 282 - 283. As Oxyanthus speciosus (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 334 - 335. (Includes a picture).

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 482.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 99.

Other sources of information about Oxyanthus speciosus subsp. stenocarpus:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Oxyanthus speciosus subsp. stenocarpus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Oxyanthus speciosus subsp. stenocarpus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Oxyanthus speciosus
African Plant Database: Oxyanthus speciosus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Oxyanthus speciosus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Oxyanthus speciosus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Oxyanthus speciosus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Oxyanthus speciosus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Oxyanthus speciosus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Oxyanthus speciosus
iNaturalist: Oxyanthus speciosus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Oxyanthus speciosus
JSTOR Plant Science: Oxyanthus speciosus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Oxyanthus speciosus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Oxyanthus speciosus
Plants of the World Online: Oxyanthus speciosus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Oxyanthus speciosus
Tropicos: Oxyanthus speciosus
Wikipedia: Oxyanthus speciosus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Oxyanthus speciosus subsp. stenocarpus.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=155470, retrieved 17 February 2020

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