Psydrax kraussioides (Hiern) Bridson

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Psydrax kraussioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Pungwe River at Katiyo Tea Estate

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Synonyms: Canthium anomocarpum sensu F. White non DC.
Canthium egregium Bullock
Canthium henriquesianum sensu G. Taylor
Canthium kraussioides Hiern
Canthium malacocarpum (K. Schum. & K. Krausse) Bullock
Plectronia kraussioides (Hiern) K.Schum.
Plectronia malacocarpa K. Schum. & K. Krausse
Plectronia pulchra K. Schum.
Common names:
Status: Native
Scandent shrub or liane up to 7 m high with round or square, sometimes grooved, hairless branches. Leaves opposite, elliptic to oblong-elliptic, 4-14 cm long, somewhat shiny and leathery, hairless, veins often impressed above; petiole 5-9 mm long; stipules 4-7 mm long. Flowers in 2-15-flowered, umbellate axillary heads on pedicels 5-8 mm long. Corolla 5-lobed, greenish, cream or white with a ring of deflexed hairs in the tube. Fruit almost bispherical, 14-15 mm wide, greyish-green, sometimes galled.
Derivation of specific name: kraussioides: resembling a Kraussia, another genus in Rubiaceae.
Habitat: In riverine forest or thickets and evergreen forest by streams, swamp forest and Brachystegia woodland at margins of forests.
Altitude range: 450 - 1300 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Fairly widespread in tropical Africa.
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 5 August 2016

Bridson, D.M. (1998). Rubiaceae, Part 2 Flora Zambesiaca 5(2) Pages 361 - 362. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 926. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 46.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 276. As Canthium henriquesianum

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 73.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 167.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 99.

Other sources of information about Psydrax kraussioides:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Psydrax kraussioides
Flora of Zambia: Psydrax kraussioides
Flora of Zimbabwe: Psydrax kraussioides

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Psydrax kraussioides
African Plant Database: Psydrax kraussioides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Psydrax kraussioides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Psydrax kraussioides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Psydrax kraussioides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Psydrax kraussioides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Psydrax kraussioides
JSTOR Plant Science: Psydrax kraussioides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Psydrax kraussioides
Plants of the World Online: Psydrax kraussioides
Tropicos: Psydrax kraussioides
Wikipedia: Psydrax kraussioides

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Psydrax kraussioides., retrieved 18 April 2024

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