Valeriana capensis Thunb.
var. capensis

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Valeriana capensis var. capensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along Northern Loop, Nyika National Park.

Valeriana capensis var. capensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along Northern Loop, Nyika National Park.

Valeriana capensis var. capensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along Northern Loop, Nyika National Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Valeriana capensis Thunb. var. lanceolata N.E. Br.
Common names:
Status: Native
Erect perennial herb, up to 1 m high, with a bad smell. Stems normally unbranched below the inflorescence, internodes conspicuously ridged and hairy. Leaves mainly basal but also in a few opposite pairs along the stem, mostly pinnate with the terminal leaflet larger than the lateral leaflets. The leaflets are much narrower and finer on the upper leaves, margins irregularly dentate. Inflorescence branched, up to 30 × 10 cm. Flowers small, white, often pink in bud.
Derivation of specific name: capensis: of the Cape
Habitat: In vleis, marshy areas and stream sides.
Altitude range: 1800 - 2700 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and South Africa.
Malawi distribution: N,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 1 April 2019

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 280. as Valeriana capensis (Includes a picture).

Cannon, J.F.M. (1983). Valerianaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 75 - 77. As Valeriana capensis (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 57.

Goodier, R. & Phipps, J.B. (1961). A revised checklist of the vascular plants of the Chimanimani Mountains Kirkia 1 Page 64.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 82.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 101.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Pages 182 - 183.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 100.

Other sources of information about Valeriana capensis var. capensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Valeriana capensis var. capensis
Flora of Zambia: Valeriana capensis var. capensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Valeriana capensis var. capensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Valeriana capensis
African Plant Database: Valeriana capensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Valeriana capensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Valeriana capensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Valeriana capensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Valeriana capensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Valeriana capensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Valeriana capensis
iNaturalist: Valeriana capensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Valeriana capensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Valeriana capensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Valeriana capensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Valeriana capensis
Plants of the World Online: Valeriana capensis
Tropicos: Valeriana capensis
Wikipedia: Valeriana capensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Valeriana capensis var. capensis., retrieved 26 March 2023

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