Distephanus divaricatus (Steetz) H.Rob. & B. Kahn

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Distephanus divaricatus

Photo: Penny English
Base of Silungube Hill, Towla HQ, Bubye Valley Conservancy

Distephanus divaricatus

Photo: Penny English
Mt Towla, Bubye Valley Conservancy

Distephanus divaricatus

Photo: Penny English
Base of Silungube Hill, Towla HQ, Bubye Valley Conservancy

Distephanus divaricatus

Photo: Mark Hyde
By road from Kadoma to Lasting Impressions

Distephanus divaricatus

Photo: Mark Hyde
By road from Kadoma to Lasting Impressions

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Gongrothamnus aurantiacus O. Hoffm.
Gongrothamnus divaricatus Steetz
Vernonia aurantiaca (O. Hoffm.) N.E.Br.
Common names:
Status: Native
Climbing shrub, often scrambling over other vegetation, to 8 m. Leaves: petiole to c. 2 cm; lamina 2.5-12 × 1.5-10 cm, broadly ovate to lanceolate, sparsely puberulent above, whitish-tomentellous beneath, strongly 3-nerved from base; base cuneate; apex ± long-acuminate; margin entire to remotely serrate. Capitula numerous, in dense ± spherical clusters. Involucre 4-7 × 3-6 mm. Phyllaries numerous, mealy-hairy outside with a mucronate apex and ciliate margin. Corolla 7-10 mm, orange-yellow. Achenes 1.2-2.5 mm, narrowly obovoid-cylindric, somewhat angular or faintly ribbed. Pappus with an outer whorl of short linear setae and an inner of barbellate setae 4-6.5 mm.
Derivation of specific name: divaricatus: widely divergent
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Zambia, Angola, Rwanda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa.
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 1025. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 22.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 278. As Gongrothamnus divaricatus

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 29. as Vernonia aurantiaca

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32

Pope, G.V. (1992). Compositae Flora Zambesiaca 6(1) Pages 69 - 70. As Vernonia aurantiaca

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 32.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 200. As Vernonia aurantiaca

Wild, H. (1978). The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca area. 8. Vernonieae (Vernonia). Kirkia 11(1) Pages 111 - 112.

Other sources of information about Distephanus divaricatus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Distephanus divaricatus
Flora of Caprivi: Distephanus divaricatus
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Distephanus divaricatus
Flora of Mozambique: Distephanus divaricatus
Flora of Zambia: Distephanus divaricatus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Distephanus divaricatus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Distephanus divaricatus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Distephanus divaricatus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Distephanus divaricatus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Distephanus divaricatus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Distephanus divaricatus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Distephanus divaricatus
JSTOR Plant Science: Distephanus divaricatus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Distephanus divaricatus
Plants of the World Online: Distephanus divaricatus
Tropicos: Distephanus divaricatus
Wikipedia: Distephanus divaricatus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Distephanus divaricatus.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=158600, retrieved 14 June 2024

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