Adenostemma caffrum DC.

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Adenostemma caffrum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Luwawa Forest Reserve, Viphya

Adenostemma caffrum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Luwawa Forest Reserve, Viphya

Adenostemma caffrum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Luwawa Forest Reserve, Viphya

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Status: Native
Erect or ascending perennial herb, rooting at the nodes. Stems fleshy, hollow, mostly hairless. Leaves subsessile, ovate to lanceolate; margins variously subentire to serrate-dentate. Inflorescence a loose terminal cyme. Capitula 6-10 mm in diameter. Corolla white with a conspicuous style.
Derivation of specific name: caffrum: from Kaffraria, a historic name for South Africa
Habitat: In wet and swampy areas, particularly in disturbed places.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Africa
Malawi distribution: N(other?)
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 17 November 2020

Beentje, H.J. & Ghazanfar, S.A. (eds.) (2005). Compositae (Part 3) Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 821 - 824.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 78. as Adenostemma caffrum asperum (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 3.

Linley, K. & Baker, B. (1972). Flowers of the Veld Bundu Series Longman Zimbabwe Page 117.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 23.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 27.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 30.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 198.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 88.

Other sources of information about Adenostemma caffrum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Adenostemma caffrum
Flora of Caprivi: Adenostemma caffrum
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Adenostemma caffrum
Flora of Zambia: Adenostemma caffrum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Adenostemma caffrum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Adenostemma caffrum
African Plant Database: Adenostemma caffrum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Adenostemma caffrum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Adenostemma caffrum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Adenostemma caffrum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Adenostemma caffrum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Adenostemma caffrum
JSTOR Plant Science: Adenostemma caffrum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Adenostemma caffrum
Plants of the World Online: Adenostemma caffrum
Tropicos: Adenostemma caffrum
Wikipedia: Adenostemma caffrum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Adenostemma caffrum., retrieved 18 April 2024

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