Zinnia peruviana (L.) L.

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Zinnia peruviana

Photo: Bart Wursten
By main Harare to Bulawayo Rd, south of Kwekwe

Zinnia peruviana

Photo: Bart Wursten
By main Harare to Bulawayo Rd, south of Kwekwe

Zinnia peruviana

Photo: Bart Wursten
By main Harare to Bulawayo Rd, south of Kwekwe

Zinnia peruviana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Khami Ruins

Zinnia peruviana

Photo: Mark Hyde
Carnac Close, near the junction with Ruth Taylor Road, Gun Hill

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Chrysogonum peruvianum L.
Zinnia multiflora L.
Common names:
Erect annual herb, up to 60 cm tall. Leaves opposite along the stems, subsessile, narrowly oblong-ovate, up to c. 4 cm long, 3-veined from the base, roughly hairy and glandular on both surfaces; margin entire. Capitula terminal, solitary, up to 4 cm in diameter; peduncle 2-7 cm long, gradually thickening towards the top. Disk florets yellow surrounded by a conspicuous whorl of spreading, broadly rounded orange-red ray-florets.
Derivation of specific name: peruviana: Peruvian, of Peru, South America.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native from Mexico to Brazil, Peru and Bolivia. Known as a weed in Ethiopia, Gulf of Guinea Islands, Botswana, Zimbabwe and northern South Africa.
Malawi distribution:
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: spilosoma lineata (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 174 - 175. (Includes a picture).

Beentje, H.J. & Ghazanfar, S.A. (eds.) (2005). Compositae (Part 3) Flora of Tropical East Africa Page 708.

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 240. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 29.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 82 - 83. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 39.

Wild, H. (1967). The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca area. 1. Heliantheae. Kirkia 6(1) Pages 54 - 55.

Other sources of information about Zinnia peruviana:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Zinnia peruviana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Zinnia peruviana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Zinnia peruviana
African Plant Database: Zinnia peruviana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Zinnia peruviana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Zinnia peruviana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Zinnia peruviana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Zinnia peruviana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Zinnia peruviana
JSTOR Plant Science: Zinnia peruviana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Zinnia peruviana
Plants of the World Online: Zinnia peruviana
Tropicos: Zinnia peruviana
Wikipedia: Zinnia peruviana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Zinnia peruviana.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=160330, retrieved 11 December 2023

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