Haplocarpha scaposa Harv.

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Haplocarpha scaposa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Below Dam no2, Nyika National Park.

Haplocarpha scaposa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Below Dam no2, Nyika National Park.

Haplocarpha scaposa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Below Dam no2, Nyika National Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Arctotis scaposa (Harv.) O. Hoffm.
Haplocarpha thunbergii DC.
Common names:
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Perennial herb. Leaves in a basal rosette, variable in shape and size, dark green above, covered in whitish felt below with veining distinctly raised. Flowering stems 1-several, 20-50 cm. Capitula solitary, yellow. Ray florets long, narrow and appearing pointed at the apex. Disk florets numerous, compacted.
Notes: Similar to Gerbera ambigua which is another scapose yellow composite. The two may be separated as follows:
  • The ray florets of Gerbera are 2-lipped with a long 3-toothed outer lip and a short 2-lobed inner lip whereas the ray florets of Haplocarpha are simple and 3-toothed;
  • Gerbera ambigua has a woolly base, which Haplocarpha does not;
  • The achenes of Haplocarpha have a basal coma (tuft) of hairs which is absent in Gerbera.
Derivation of specific name: scaposa: scapose
Habitat: Montane grassland and along the edges of vleis, bogs and seepage zones.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Nov - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in East, Central and southern Africa including Angola.
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 16 March 2019

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 95. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 30.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 19. As Haplocarpha lanata

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 428 - 429. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 25.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 31.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 144, plate 187 as Haplocarpha thunbergii

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 332 - 333. (Includes a picture).

Pope, G.V. (1992). Compositae Flora Zambesiaca 6(1) Pages 233 - 234. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 34.

Van Wyk, B. & Malan, S. (1988). Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of the Witwatersrand and Pretoria Region Struik, Cape Town Pages 102 - 103. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 89.

Other sources of information about Haplocarpha scaposa:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Haplocarpha scaposa
Flora of Mozambique: Haplocarpha scaposa
Flora of Zambia: Haplocarpha scaposa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Haplocarpha scaposa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Haplocarpha scaposa
African Plant Database: Haplocarpha scaposa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Haplocarpha scaposa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Haplocarpha scaposa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Haplocarpha scaposa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Haplocarpha scaposa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Haplocarpha scaposa
JSTOR Plant Science: Haplocarpha scaposa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Haplocarpha scaposa
Plants of the World Online: Haplocarpha scaposa
Tropicos: Haplocarpha scaposa
Wikipedia: Haplocarpha scaposa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Haplocarpha scaposa.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=161740, retrieved 13 June 2024

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