Erythrocephalum zambesianum Oliv. & Hiern

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Erythrocephalum zambesianum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along main road from Thazima Gate near elephant Sanctuary, Nyika National Park.

Erythrocephalum zambesianum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along main road from Thazima Gate near elephant Sanctuary, Nyika National Park.

Erythrocephalum zambesianum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along main road from Thazima Gate near elephant Sanctuary, Nyika National Park.

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Synonyms: Erythrocephalum longifolium Oliv.
Common names: Red rays (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Erect suffrutex, 12-80 cm. Stems arising from a woody rootstock, zigzag above with leaves crowded in upper part. Leaves sessile: lamina 7-22 × 1.5-7.5 cm, elliptic to lanceolate, green, thinly arachnoid above, persistently appressed, greyish arachnoid-lanate beneath; base semi-amplexicaul and subauriculate; margin sharply serrulate. Capitula solitary and terminal or 2-6 terminal on branches. Involucre 10-22 mm. Receptacular scales 10-15 mm, triangular-lorate, reddish-purple tipped. Rays 14-30 mm, deep-red. Achenes 5-6 mm, angular-barrel-shaped, 5-ribbed, minutely pubescent. Pappus setae 6-9 mm.
Notes: C. Jeffrey and H.E. Beentje in FTEA (Part 1) p. 27 call this species Erythrocephalum longifolium Oliv.
Derivation of specific name: zambesianum: of the Zambezi area, general reference to the countries forming the watedshed of the Zambezi River, where this species is mostly found.
Habitat: In high rainfall miombo woodland and grassland.
Altitude range: 980 - 1930 m
Flowering time:Dec - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania and the DRC south to Zimbabwe and Mozambique
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 8 July 2019
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 168 - 169. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 93. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 31.

Linley, K. & Baker, B. (1972). Flowers of the Veld Bundu Series Longman Zimbabwe Page 116. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 25.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 30.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 142, plate 185

Pope, G.V. (1992). Compositae Flora Zambesiaca 6(1) Pages 21 - 23. (Includes a picture).

Wild, H. (1972). The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca area. 3. Mutisieae. Kirkia 8(2) Pages 174 - 175.

Other sources of information about Erythrocephalum zambesianum:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Erythrocephalum zambesianum
Flora of Zambia: Erythrocephalum zambesianum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Erythrocephalum zambesianum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Erythrocephalum zambesianum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Erythrocephalum zambesianum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Erythrocephalum zambesianum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Erythrocephalum zambesianum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Erythrocephalum zambesianum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Erythrocephalum zambesianum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Erythrocephalum zambesianum
iNaturalist: Erythrocephalum zambesianum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Erythrocephalum zambesianum
JSTOR Plant Science: Erythrocephalum zambesianum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Erythrocephalum zambesianum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Erythrocephalum zambesianum
Plants of the World Online: Erythrocephalum zambesianum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Erythrocephalum zambesianum
Tropicos: Erythrocephalum zambesianum
Wikipedia: Erythrocephalum zambesianum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Erythrocephalum zambesianum.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=161980, retrieved 19 October 2019

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