Asplenium normale D. Don

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (2)

Asplenium normale

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mt. Gorongosa, forest Canda side

Asplenium normale

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mt. Gorongosa, forest Canda side

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Asplenium multijugum Wall. ex Mett.
Asplenium normale D.Don var. grandidentatum Bonap.
Asplenium opacum Kunze
Asplenium rectangulare Bonap.
Common names:
Status: Native
Rhizome ± 5 mm diameter, erect; rhizome scales dark brown, up to 2.5 mm long, lanceolate, apex gradually tapering to a point, with a narrow ferrugineous margin. Fronds tufted, erect or arching, sometimes proliferous near the apex, firmly membranous. Stipe glossy dark brown, 2–16 cm long, without grooves, glabrous. Lamina linear in outline, up to 50 × 3.3 cm, 1-pinnate, hardly decrescent below. Pinnae 18–49 pairs, up to 1.7 × 0.8 cm, with a short petiole, mostly oblong in outline, the midrib slightly forms the basiscopic margin, apex rounded, shallowly auriculate, acroscopically becoming increasingly deflexed and unequally triangular towards the base, shallowly crenate on the acroscopic and outer margins, glabrous on both surfaces. Rhachis glossy dark brown, grooved ventrally. Sori up to 3 mm long, 2–7 per pinna, oblong; indusium linear, membranous, entire.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Deeply shaded, moist evergreen forests.
Altitude range: 1700 - 2000 m
Worldwide distribution: Kenia, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda. Also in Asia.
Malawi distribution: N,S
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Beentje, H.J. (2008). Aspleniaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Page 17. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 92.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 9.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 168.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 92.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 175.

Other sources of information about Asplenium normale:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Asplenium normale

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Asplenium normale
African Plant Database: Asplenium normale
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Asplenium normale
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Asplenium normale
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Asplenium normale
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Asplenium normale
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Asplenium normale
JSTOR Plant Science: Asplenium normale
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Asplenium normale
Plants of the World Online: Asplenium normale
Tropicos: Asplenium normale
Wikipedia: Asplenium normale

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Asplenium normale., retrieved 15 July 2024

Site software last modified: 3 April 2018 9:36pm
Terms of use