Multidentia crassa (Hiern) Bridson & Verdc.
var. ampla (S. Moore) Bridson & Verdc.

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (3)

Multidentia crassa var. ampla

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Lilayi Lodge, Lusaka District, Lusaka

Multidentia crassa var. ampla

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Lilayi Lodge, Lusaka District, Lusaka

Multidentia crassa var. ampla

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Lilayi Lodge, Lusaka District, Lusaka

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Canthium amplum S. Moore
Plectronia buarica Mildbr.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree 0.6-6 m tall; main trunk with almost black bark or rough grey bark peeling to expose a reddish undersurface; shoots rather stout with thick corky bark; sap copious and sometimes milky; leaves mostly restricted to shoot tips, lamina 3-27.5 x 1.7-15.5 cm, oblong-elliptic to oblong or sometimes round, glabrous above and velvety beneath with short matted hairs, rather fleshy or leathery, petioles 3-25 mm long; stipules with broad basal part 3.5-5 mm long and subulate apex 1.5-7.5 mm long; inflorescences in axillary many flowered divaricate cymes, pubescent or sometimes densely woolly tomentose; peduncle 10-50 mm long, pedicels 1-3 mm long, bracts 3-5 mm long; calyx tube 1.5-2 mm long, obconic, glabrous or pubescent; corolla greenish-yellow, fleshy and thick, tube 2.5-4.5 mm long, with long soft hairs at throat and a ring of deflexed hairs one third of the way to the top, lobes 3 mm long and triangular; fruit green mottled brown to yellow or dull red or brown spotted white, fleshy and edible, depressed globose, 22-30 x 26-37 mm; pyrenes ellipsoid, 18-22 x 11-17 x 11-15 mm, with a deep lateral semicircular groove on either side above the point of attachment. Differs from var. crassa which has leaf blades glabrous even when young, or with tomentose domatia beneath while var. ampla has leaf blades velvety beneath with short matted hairs.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: crassa: thick, referring to the leaves; ampla: ample, abundant
Habitat:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Nov - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia
Malawi distribution: N,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Bridson, D.M. (1998). Rubiaceae, Part 2 Flora Zambesiaca 5(2) Pages 312 - 314.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 941. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Multidentia crassa var. ampla:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Multidentia crassa var. ampla
Flora of Zambia: Multidentia crassa var. ampla

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Multidentia crassa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Multidentia crassa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Multidentia crassa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Multidentia crassa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Multidentia crassa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Multidentia crassa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Multidentia crassa
iNaturalist: Multidentia crassa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Multidentia crassa
JSTOR Plant Science: Multidentia crassa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Multidentia crassa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Multidentia crassa
Plants of the World Online: Multidentia crassa
Tropicos: Multidentia crassa
Wikipedia: Multidentia crassa


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Multidentia crassa var. ampla.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=172050, retrieved 13 May 2021

Site software last modified: 3 April 2018 9:36pm
Terms of use