Encephalartos gratus Prain

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Synonyms:
Common names: Mulanje cycad (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Only known from southern Malawi and Mozambique
Malawi distribution: S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 34. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 17.

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 75.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 55.

Goode, D. (1989). Cycads of Africa Struik, Cape Town Pages 184 - 187. (Includes a picture).

Lewis, J. (1960). Cycadaceae (including Zamiaceae) Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 81 - 82.

Strugnell, A.M. (2002). Endemics of Mt. Mulanje. The endemic spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Systematics and Geography of Plants 72 Page 21.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 187.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 89.

Other sources of information about Encephalartos gratus:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Encephalartos gratus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Encephalartos gratus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Encephalartos gratus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Encephalartos gratus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Encephalartos gratus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Encephalartos gratus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Encephalartos gratus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Encephalartos gratus
iNaturalist: Encephalartos gratus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Encephalartos gratus
JSTOR Plant Science: Encephalartos gratus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Encephalartos gratus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Encephalartos gratus
Plants of the World Online: Encephalartos gratus
Tropicos: Encephalartos gratus
Wikipedia: Encephalartos gratus


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Encephalartos gratus.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=173700, retrieved 31 October 2020

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