Lippia plicata Baker

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Lippia plicata

Photo: Penny English
Along road to Juniper Forest, Nyika National Park.

Lippia plicata

Photo: Penny English
Along road to Juniper Forest, Nyika National Park.

Lippia plicata

Photo: Penny English
Along road to Juniper Forest, Nyika National Park.

Lippia plicata

Photo: Penny English
Along road to Juniper Forest, Nyika National Park.

Lippia plicata

Photo: Penny English
Along road to Juniper Forest, Nyika National Park.

Lippia plicata

Photo: Penny English
Along road to Juniper Forest, Nyika National Park.

Lippia plicata

Photo: Penny English
Along road to Juniper Forest, Nyika National Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Lippia strobiliformis Moldenke
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
A many-stemmed perennial herb up to 1.5 m high but often more stunted due to regular fires, growing from a woody rootstock; leaves aromatic when crushed. Stems erect, 4-angled, strigose with bulbous-based whitish hairs. Leaves usually opposite, rarely 3-whorled, ovate or ovate-lanceolate to elliptic, up to 12.5 cm long, much smaller on the branches, scabrid above with whitish tubercle-based hairs, densely pubescent and less scabrid beneath, the hairs longer and denser on the veins, with numerous sessile glands; midrib prominent beneath, veining impressed above; margin serrate-crenate or minutely crenate, except at the base; petiole 2–10 mm long. Inflorescences densely many-flowered, at the apices of stems and branches, often also in the axils of the upper leaves, 1.5–3.8 cm in diameter, somewhat hemispherical in flower, ovoid-oblong in fruit; peduncles 1–7 cm long, shortest in the terminal inflorescences; lower bracts ovate, ovate-oblong or ovate-lanceolate, 7–10 mm and longer than the flowers, progressively smaller upwards, green or pale green, more or less densely appressed-pubescent and minutely glandular outside. Calyx 2-lobed, c. 1.5 mm long, uniformly white-hispid. Corolla slightly to strongly scented, white with yellow throat or pink to lilac.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Among grasses in damp ground, often in Brachystegia woodland.
Altitude range: 830 - 2350 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia.
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 2 January 2021
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 283. (Includes a picture).

Fernandes, R. (2005). Verbenaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 32 - 34. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 101.

Other sources of information about Lippia plicata:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Lippia plicata
Flora of Zambia: Lippia plicata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Lippia plicata
African Plant Database: Lippia plicata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Lippia plicata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Lippia plicata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Lippia plicata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Lippia plicata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Lippia plicata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Lippia plicata
iNaturalist: Lippia plicata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Lippia plicata
JSTOR Plant Science: Lippia plicata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Lippia plicata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Lippia plicata
Plants of the World Online: Lippia plicata
Tropicos: Lippia plicata
Wikipedia: Lippia plicata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Lippia plicata.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=175470, retrieved 17 April 2021

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