Aloe excelsa A. Berger
var. breviflora L.C. Leach

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Aloe excelsa var. breviflora

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Near Nampula.

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Common names:
Status: Native
See var. excelsa for general description details. This variety is distinguished by the narrower leaves (up to 12 cm wide near the base) without prickles on the lower surface, more slender racemes (c. 5 cm in diameter) and shorter flowers (c. 20 mm long). It is found further North in Mozambique in Zambesia and Nampula.
Derivation of specific name: excelsa: from the Latin, excelsus, meaning tall or high; breviflora: with short flowers.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Southern Malawi and Mozambique.
Malawi distribution: S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 55.

Carter, S. (2001). Aloaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(3) Page 92.

Carter, S., Lavranos, J.J., Newton, L.E. & Walker, C.C. (2011). Aloes, The Definitive Guide Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 978 1 84246439 7 Page 688. (Includes a picture).

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 76.

Lane, S.S. (2004). A Field Guide to the Aloes of Malawi Umdaus Press, Hatfield South Africa. Pages 40 - 43. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Aloe excelsa var. breviflora:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Aloe excelsa var. breviflora

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Aloe excelsa
African Plant Database: Aloe excelsa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Aloe excelsa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Aloe excelsa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Aloe excelsa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Aloe excelsa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Aloe excelsa
JSTOR Plant Science: Aloe excelsa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Aloe excelsa
Plants of the World Online: Aloe excelsa
Tropicos: Aloe excelsa
Wikipedia: Aloe excelsa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Aloe excelsa var. breviflora., retrieved 22 July 2024

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