Hirtella zanzibarica Oliv.

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Hirtella zanzibarica

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Levasflor, Cheringoma, Mozambique

Hirtella zanzibarica

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Levasflor, Cheringoma, Mozambique

Hirtella zanzibarica

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Levasflor, Cheringoma, Mozambique

Hirtella zanzibarica

Photo: Tongai Castigo
Muanza plateau, eastern Gorongosa National Park.

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Synonyms: Acioa goetzeana Engl.
Hirtella thouarsiana Baill. ex Laness.
Common names:
Status: Native
Shrub or small to medium-sized evergreen tree. Leaves lanceolate to lanceolate-elliptic, glabrous except for a few small appressed hairs, reticulate venation slightly raised above; base slightly asymmetric. Flowers in branched terminal and axillary heads. Calyx green, glandular on the outside; petals white, shorter than the calyx lobes; stamens c. 9 with long exserted filaments. Fruit obovoid or ellipsoid, 2.5 - 3 cm long, contracted near the base, sparsely pubescent.
Derivation of specific name: zanzibarica: of Zanzibar
Habitat: In dense semi-deciduous forest
Altitude range: Above 0 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Mafia Isl, Zanzibar, Malawi, Mozambique and Madagascar.
Malawi distribution: N,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 172. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 44.

White, F. (1976). The taxonomy, ecology and chorology of African Chrysobalanaceae (excluding Acioa) Bulletin du Jardin Botanique national de Belgique 46(3/4) Pages 276 - 280.

White, F. (1978). Chrysobalanaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 35 - 44. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Hirtella zanzibarica:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Hirtella zanzibarica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hirtella zanzibarica
African Plant Database: Hirtella zanzibarica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hirtella zanzibarica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hirtella zanzibarica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hirtella zanzibarica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hirtella zanzibarica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hirtella zanzibarica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hirtella zanzibarica
iNaturalist: Hirtella zanzibarica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hirtella zanzibarica
JSTOR Plant Science: Hirtella zanzibarica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hirtella zanzibarica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hirtella zanzibarica
Plants of the World Online: Hirtella zanzibarica
Tropicos: Hirtella zanzibarica
Wikipedia: Hirtella zanzibarica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Hirtella zanzibarica.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=181570, retrieved 21 March 2023

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