Platycerium elephantotis Schweinf.

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Platycerium elephantotis

Photo: Petra Ballings
Cheringoma Escarpment

Platycerium elephantotis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along track from Muanza to Mueredzi, Gorongosa National Park, Muanza

Platycerium elephantotis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Clouds Pool, Gorongosa National Park, Muanza

Platycerium elephantotis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Clouds Pool, Gorongosa National Park, Muanza

Platycerium elephantotis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Clouds Pool, Gorongosa National Park, Muanza

Platycerium elephantotis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Clouds Pool, Gorongosa National Park, Muanza

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Alcicornium angolense Welw. ex Underw.
Platycerium angolense Welw. ex Baker
Platycerium velutinum C. Chr.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizome c. 1 cm. in diameter; rhizome scales awl-shaped, ciliate, up to 1.5 cm. long, brown with a central black stripe. Sterile fronds lower part thick and spongy, upper part membranous, c. 45 × 30 cm., erect, oblong in outline, overlapping at the cordate base and forming a large thalloid mass, prominently veined in the upper 2/3, margin entire to irregularly wavy at the apex, covered at first with grey stellate hairs, becoming hairless with age. Fertile fronds 50 × 25 cm., broadly obcuneate in outline, apex rounded, margin entire to subentire, coriaceous, subglabrous above, densely set below with rufous stellate hairs c. 1 mm. in diameter. Sporangia covering a large oval area of about 25 cm. wide below the frond apex, densely set with brown stellate hairs similar to those on the lamina.
Notes: The fertile frond is broadly cuneate, lacking the ‘stag horns’ of the commonly cultivated species.
Derivation of specific name: eléphantos: elephant, otis: ear; an allusion to the very large and broad fronds.
Habitat: High level epiphyte on large trees in dry forests, at forest edges, in light shade or full sunlight
Altitude range: Up to 1200 m
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa from Sierra Leone and (South) Sudan to Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia and Angola.
Malawi distribution: C,S
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 90.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 13.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 300 - 301. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Pages 75 - 76.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 14.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Pages 96 - 97. (Includes a picture).

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 162.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 145.

Other sources of information about Platycerium elephantotis:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Platycerium elephantotis
Flora of Zambia: Platycerium elephantotis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Platycerium elephantotis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Platycerium elephantotis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Platycerium elephantotis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Platycerium elephantotis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Platycerium elephantotis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Platycerium elephantotis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Platycerium elephantotis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Platycerium elephantotis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Platycerium elephantotis
Ispot Southern Africa: Platycerium elephantotis
JSTOR Plant Science: Platycerium elephantotis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Platycerium elephantotis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Platycerium elephantotis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Platycerium elephantotis
Tropicos: Platycerium elephantotis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Platycerium elephantotis.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=186060, retrieved 20 June 2019

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