Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum Summerh.

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Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Thazima Gate, Nyika National Park

Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Thazima Gate, Nyika National Park

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Synonyms: Bulbophyllum cochleatum Lindl. var. gravidum (Lindl.) J.J.Verm.
Common names:
Status: Native
Epiphytic herb. Pseudobulbs borne close together on the rhizome, forming mats, more or less globose to ovoid, 10–20 mm high, purple-red, wrinkled. Leaves 2, linear, 35–45 mm long and 4-6 mm wide, grass-like, deciduous in dry season. Peduncle 3.5–5 cm long; rhachis 1.5–2 cm long, up to 16-flowered. Flowers more or less on one side, deep maroon-purple. Bracts 2–4 mm long, about half as long as the flowers. Dorsal sepal ovate, 3–4 mm long; lateral sepals lanceolate, 2–4.2 mm long, curling back. Petals linear, 1–1.5 mm long. Lip 2–3 mm long, able to move, fringed with hairs on the upper half.
Derivation of specific name: rugosibulbum: with wrinkled bulbs.
Habitat: Brachystegia woodland.
Altitude range: 1250 - 1800 m
Flowering time:Oct - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Southern Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia
Malawi distribution: N,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 11 August 2019

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 318. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 295 - 296. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1983). Malawi Orchids Volume 1 Epiphytic Orchids National Fauna Preservation Society of Malawi Page 55.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Pages 196 - 197. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 118.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 132.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1960). African orchids XXVII Kew Bulletin 14(1) Pages 138 - 139. Protologue

Vermeulen, J.J. (1987). A Taxonomic Revision of the Continental African Bulbophyllinae Orchid Monographs Volume 2 E.J. Brill, Leiden-New York-Kopnhavn-Koln Pages 42 - 44. sunk under Bulbophyllum cochleatum var. gravidum

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 137 - 138. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum
JSTOR Plant Science: Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum
Plants of the World Online: Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum
Tropicos: Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum
Wikipedia: Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=186740, retrieved 18 April 2024

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