Kotschya recurvifolia (Taub.) F.White
subsp. recurvifolia

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Kotschya recurvifolia subsp. recurvifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
At junction of Thazima-Kaperekezi rd and Chelinda rd, Nyika National Park

Kotschya recurvifolia subsp. recurvifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
At junction of Thazima-Kaperekezi rd and Chelinda rd, Nyika National Park

Kotschya recurvifolia subsp. recurvifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
At junction of Thazima-Kaperekezi rd and Chelinda rd, Nyika National Park

Kotschya recurvifolia subsp. recurvifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
At junction of Thazima-Kaperekezi rd and Chelinda rd, Nyika National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Smithia congesta Baker
Smithia drepanophylla Baker
Smithia recurvifolia Taub.
Common names:
Status: Native
Erect much branched somewhat aromatic sticky shrub 0.2–4 m tall. Stems pubescent and with longer whitish or golden bristly tubercular-based hairs, sometimes also covered with persistent stipules. Leaves often densely congested, 8–18-foliolate; leaflets narrowly oblong-falcate, always characteristically and distinctly curved at the apex, 3–11 mm long, base asymmetric, hairless except for bristles on the submarginal main vein, basal nerves 4–5; petiole and rhachis together typically very short, 3–20 mm long; margin sometimes minutely ciliate-denticulate; stipules triangular-lanceolate, 3–7 mm long, ciliate, persistent. Inflorescences axillary, dense, few- to several-flowered, 1.5–3.5 cm long, subsessile; pedicels 2–7 mm long; rhachis of inflorescence with long golden bristly hairs 1–2 mm long; bracts ovate, 5–7 mm long, with long golden bristly hairs on the margins. Calyx pubescent and ciliate with golden hairs, 5–12 mm long, 2-lipped; lips oblong, upper shortly to deeply emarginate or divided into diverging lobes, the lower divided for two-thirds of its length into 3 oblong-rounded or lanceolate acute lobes. Standard elliptic to rounded or obovate-oblong, 9–12 mm long, pale to golden-yellow or whitish, hairless; wings golden-yellow; keel greenish. Fruit of 1–3 articles, each article straight above, strongly curved beneath, 3.2 mm long, long hairy.
Derivation of specific name: recurvifolia: with recurved leaves.
Habitat: Mostly in montane grassland and evergreen forest margins, also in secondary forest and streamsides and seepage channels of granite outcrops.
Altitude range: 1590 - 2600 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia.
Malawi distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 12 October 2018

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 164. (Includes a picture).

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 28. As Kotschya recurvifolia

Harris, T., Darbyshire, I. & Polhill, R. (2011). New species and range extensions from Mt Namuli, Mt Mabu and Mt Chiperone in northern Mozambique Kew Bulletin 66(2) Page 248.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 62.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 74.

Verdcourt, B. (2000). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(6) Pages 122 - 124. (Includes a picture).

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 328.

Other sources of information about Kotschya recurvifolia subsp. recurvifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Kotschya recurvifolia subsp. recurvifolia
Flora of Zambia: Kotschya recurvifolia subsp. recurvifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Kotschya recurvifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Kotschya recurvifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Kotschya recurvifolia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Kotschya recurvifolia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Kotschya recurvifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Kotschya recurvifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Kotschya recurvifolia
iNaturalist: Kotschya recurvifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Kotschya recurvifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Kotschya recurvifolia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Kotschya recurvifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Kotschya recurvifolia
Plants of the World Online: Kotschya recurvifolia
Tropicos: Kotschya recurvifolia
Wikipedia: Kotschya recurvifolia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Kotschya recurvifolia subsp. recurvifolia.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=196050, retrieved 24 March 2023

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