Berkheya bipinnatifida (Harv.) Roessler
subsp. echinopsoides (Baker) Roessler
var. echinopsoides (Baker) G.V. Pope

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Berkheya bipinnatifida subsp. echinopsoides var. echinopsoides

Photo: Penny English
Along an overgrown road that used to approach the Juniper Forest from the west, in Nyika National Park.

Berkheya bipinnatifida subsp. echinopsoides var. echinopsoides

Photo: Penny English
Along an overgrown road that used to approach the Juniper Forest from the west, in Nyika National Park.

Berkheya bipinnatifida subsp. echinopsoides var. echinopsoides

Photo: Penny English
Along an overgrown road that used to approach the Juniper Forest from the west, in Nyika National Park.

Berkheya bipinnatifida subsp. echinopsoides var. echinopsoides

Photo: Penny English
Along an overgrown road that used to approach the Juniper Forest from the west, in Nyika National Park.

Berkheya bipinnatifida subsp. echinopsoides var. echinopsoides

Photo: Penny English
Along an overgrown road that used to approach the Juniper Forest from the west, in Nyika National Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Berkheya echinopsoides Baker
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Sparingly branched, spiny perennial herb 0.5–3 m tall. Leaves sessile, elliptic to oblong in outline, 5–30 cm long, tapering and petiole-like, or not narrowed towards the base, pinnatilobed to pinnatifid sometimes somewhat bipinnatifid; lobes or segments narrowly triangular or linear-lanceolate, more or less strongly toothed or lobed, thinly araneose above, densely whitish felted beneath; blade widened at the base with spiny auricles; margins spine-toothed. Capitula clustered at ends of branches, 1–2 cm in diameter. Phyllaries narrowly lanceolate, mostly 8–12 mm long, tapering to an apical spine and margins with 2–3 stout spines 2–4 mm long on each side, often smaller spines between the main spines also present. Florets numerous, all discoid; corollas white, c. 10 mm long; achenes obconic-turbinate, 2–3 mm. long, 8–10-ribbed; pappus of c. 20 overlapping oblong scales 0.2–1.5 mm. long.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In miombo and chipya woodland, montane grassland and dambos, often on rocky hillsides and termite mounds.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Swaziland.
Malawi distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 27 September 2020
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 82.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 28.

Pope, G.V. (1992). Compositae Flora Zambesiaca 6(1) Page 239.

Roessler, H. (1975). The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca Area, 5 Subtribe Gorteriinae. Kirkia 10(1) Pages 79 - 81.

Other sources of information about Berkheya bipinnatifida subsp. echinopsoides var. echinopsoides:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Berkheya bipinnatifida subsp. echinopsoides var. echinopsoides

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Berkheya bipinnatifida
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Berkheya bipinnatifida
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Berkheya bipinnatifida
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Berkheya bipinnatifida
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Berkheya bipinnatifida
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Berkheya bipinnatifida
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Berkheya bipinnatifida
iNaturalist: Berkheya bipinnatifida
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Berkheya bipinnatifida
JSTOR Plant Science: Berkheya bipinnatifida
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Berkheya bipinnatifida
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Berkheya bipinnatifida
Plants of the World Online: Berkheya bipinnatifida
Tropicos: Berkheya bipinnatifida
Wikipedia: Berkheya bipinnatifida


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Berkheya bipinnatifida subsp. echinopsoides var. echinopsoides.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=202170, retrieved 27 October 2020

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