Hirpicium angustifolium (O. Hoffm.) Roessler

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Hirpicium angustifolium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Dam 2, Nyika National Park

Hirpicium angustifolium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Dam 2, Nyika National Park

Hirpicium angustifolium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Dam 2, Nyika National Park

Hirpicium angustifolium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Dam 2, Nyika National Park

Hirpicium angustifolium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Dam 2, Nyika National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Gazania angustifolia O. Hoffm.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Tufted perennial herb up to 30 cm high, growing from a small rootstock with numerous, somewhat fleshy roots; rootcrowns densely woolly. Stems annual, 1–3, purplish, more or less woolly and with scattered weak, brown or purplish bristles. Leaves basal, erect, numerous, filiform-linear, up to 30 cm long, sparsely scabridulous or hairless above, densely woolly beneath except for the midrib; margin entire, rolled under except below, ciliate mostly near the base. Capitula solitary and terminal. Involucres 5–10 mm. in diam., woolly, sometimes with a few small bristles. Rays yellow, often brown or purplish outside, oblanceolate, 15–20 mm long; margin sometimes inrolled. Disk-floret yellow, 4.5–5.5 mm long. Achenes obconic, c. 2 mm long, somewhat sticky glandular, densely silvery hairy; pappus scales uniseriate, brownish-hyaline, overlapping, oblong, 2.5–3 mm long, fimbriate about the apex.
Notes: This species is very similar to Gazania krebsiana which is also found in the same type habitat. It is best distinguished by the more or less densely rootcrown, stems and involucre. Differences in the achene and pappus make this a Hirpicium and not a Gazania.
Derivation of specific name: angustifolium: with long and narrow leaves.
Habitat: A pyrophyte, in burnt seasonally wet grassland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Eastern DRC, Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia
Malawi distribution: N,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 10 April 2019
Literature:

Beentje, H.J. (ed.) (2000). Compositae (Part 1) Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 297 - 298.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 99. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 31.

Pope, G.V. (1992). Compositae Flora Zambesiaca 6(1) Pages 251 - 252.

Roessler, H. (1975). The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca Area, 5 Subtribe Gorteriinae. Kirkia 10(1) Page 95.

Other sources of information about Hirpicium angustifolium:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Hirpicium angustifolium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hirpicium angustifolium
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Hirpicium angustifolium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hirpicium angustifolium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hirpicium angustifolium
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hirpicium angustifolium
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hirpicium angustifolium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hirpicium angustifolium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hirpicium angustifolium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hirpicium angustifolium
Ispot Southern Africa: Hirpicium angustifolium
JSTOR Plant Science: Hirpicium angustifolium
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hirpicium angustifolium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hirpicium angustifolium
The Plant List (version 1.1): Hirpicium angustifolium
Tropicos: Hirpicium angustifolium


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Hirpicium angustifolium.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=202190, retrieved 26 April 2019

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