Holothrix tridactylites Summerh

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Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb 5–11 cm tall.Tubers 10–20 × 5–10 mm, ovoid.Leaf 1, appressed to ground, 7–15 × 7–15 mm, orbicular to reniform, glabrous, more or less withered at flowering time.Scape with retrorse hairs at the base, glabrous towards the apex and with 2–3 bract-like leaves.Inflorescence laxly 2–10-flowered, flowers ± secund; ovary 5–7 mm long; bracts 2.5 mm long.Flowers white, sometimes tinged with lilac.Sepals green, 2–2.5 × 1.25–2 mm, ovate, acute or apiculate, the lateral sepals oblique.Petals 4–5 × 2–6 mm, 3-lobed; lobes 2–3.5 mm long, acute, very shortly papillose.Lip 4–6 mm long, cuneate or oblong, adnate to column at base, 3-lobed, the lobes similar to the petal lobes but slightly shorter.Spur 3–4 mm long, slender, tapering, straight or slightly incurved.Anther c. 2 mm tall.(Source: JSTOR/FZ)
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Dry montane grassland, usually recently burnt
Altitude range: 2050 - 2300 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia
Malawi distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 329.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 39 - 40. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 42. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 122.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1962). African orchids XXVIII Kew Bulletin 16(2) Pages 253 - 255. Protologue (Includes a picture).

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 23 - 25. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Holothrix tridactylites:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Holothrix tridactylites

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Holothrix tridactylites
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Holothrix tridactylites
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Holothrix tridactylites
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Holothrix tridactylites
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Holothrix tridactylites
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Holothrix tridactylites
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Holothrix tridactylites
iNaturalist: Holothrix tridactylites
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Holothrix tridactylites
JSTOR Plant Science: Holothrix tridactylites
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Holothrix tridactylites
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Holothrix tridactylites
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Holothrix tridactylites
Plants of the World Online: Holothrix tridactylites
The Plant List (version 1.1): Holothrix tridactylites
Tropicos: Holothrix tridactylites
Wikipedia: Holothrix tridactylites

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Holothrix tridactylites.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=208790, retrieved 3 June 2020

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