Disa engleriana Kraenzl.

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Disa engleriana

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Kapishya Springs Lodge, forested inselberg (Chinsali Distr., Muchinga Province)

Disa engleriana

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Kapishya Springs Lodge, forested inselberg (Chinsali Distr., Muchinga Province)

Disa engleriana

Photo: Warren McCleland
Kapishya Springs Lodge, forested inselberg (Chinsali Distr., Muchinga Province)

Disa engleriana

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Kapishya Springs Lodge, forested inselberg (Chinsali Distr., Muchinga Province)

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Synonyms: Disa subscutellifera Kraenzl.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Terrestrial herb growing from a tuber with separate fertile and sterile shoots; sterile shoot up to 60 cm tall, leaves 2-4, to 22 x 2 cm, linear-lanceolate, acute; fertile shoot up to 60 cm tall, cauline leaves imbricate, 4-8 cm, closely sheathing the scape; inflorescence 6-22 cm, lax to subdensely 3-20 flowered, ovary and pedicel c. 2 cm long, bracts 3-5 cm long, ovate, acuminate, usually overtopping flowers; flowers facing down, pink, dorsal sepal 14-22 mm long, spathulate, spur pendent from shortly below middle of dorsal sepal, 13-20 mm long, clavate, spreading sideways and upwards; lateral sepals 13-20 mm long, obliquely oblong, spreading sideways and upwards; petals 2-lobed, 10-15 mm long, anterior lobe 7-11 x 5-8 mm, margin entire or rarely serrate, spreading; posterior lobe 10-15 x 3-5 mm, ovate-spathulate, acute to serrate apically; lip 14-18 mm long, linear, pendent.
Notes: See Disa ukingensis for comparison.
Derivation of specific name: engleriana: after Dr Prof Heinrich Gustav Adolf Engler (1844-1930), German Director of the Royal Botanical Gardens in Berlin, who promoted botanical exploration in Africa.
Habitat: Brachystegia and Uapaca woodland and associated dambos and grasslands on lateritic and sandy soil.
Altitude range: 1000 - 2000 m
Flowering time:Jan - Apr
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia.
Malawi distribution: N
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 321.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 167. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 115. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 119.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1964). African orchids XXIX Kew Bulletin 17(3) Page 538.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 80 - 81. As Disa englerana (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Disa engleriana:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Disa engleriana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Disa engleriana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Disa engleriana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Disa engleriana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Disa engleriana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Disa engleriana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Disa engleriana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Disa engleriana
iNaturalist: Disa engleriana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Disa engleriana
JSTOR Plant Science: Disa engleriana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Disa engleriana
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Disa engleriana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Disa engleriana
Plants of the World Online: Disa engleriana
Tropicos: Disa engleriana
Wikipedia: Disa engleriana


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Disa engleriana.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=209390, retrieved 22 May 2022

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