Satyrium carsonii Rolfe

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Satyrium carsonii

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Open Uapaca woodland just N of Kasama (Kasama Distr., Northern Province)

Satyrium carsonii

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Open Uapaca woodland just N of Kasama (Kasama Distr., Northern Province)

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Synonyms: Satyrium leucanthum Schltr.
Satyrium nigericum Hutch.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Terrestrial herb 25-65 cm tall; tubers ovoid or ellipsoid, 1-3 cm long, tomentose; basal leaves 2, appressed to the ground, the larger up to 6 x 10 cm, ovate, orbicular or reniform, glabrous, fleshy; stem with c. 4 sheathing leaves, 2-6.5 cm long; inflorescence 4-16 x 3-6 cm, fairly densely few to 20-flowered; ovary c. 10 mm long with 6 wings; bracts up to 30 x 17 mm, reflexed; flowers white, scented; dorsal sepal 7-17 x 3-4 mm, oblong, obtuse; lateral sepals 9-20 x 4.5-7 mm, obliquely oblanceolate, obtuse; petals 7-14 x 2.5-5 mm, oblanceolate, rounded; lip 9-16 mm long with 2-3 mm reflexed at apex, 11-14 mm wide, very convex, forming a hood with prominent keel; spurs 8-10 mm long, tapering to an acute apex, parallel to ovary; column 4-7 mm high, curved; stigma 2-3 x 3-4 mm.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Jan – Feb
Worldwide distribution: Nigeria, Cameroon, DRC, Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania south to Zambia and Malawi
Malawi distribution: N
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 333.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 201 - 202. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 130. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 124.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Pages 154 - 155. (Includes a picture).

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Page 92. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Satyrium carsonii:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Satyrium carsonii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Satyrium carsonii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Satyrium carsonii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Satyrium carsonii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Satyrium carsonii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Satyrium carsonii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Satyrium carsonii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Satyrium carsonii
iNaturalist: Satyrium carsonii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Satyrium carsonii
JSTOR Plant Science: Satyrium carsonii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Satyrium carsonii
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Satyrium carsonii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Satyrium carsonii
Plants of the World Online: Satyrium carsonii
Tropicos: Satyrium carsonii
Wikipedia: Satyrium carsonii


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Satyrium carsonii.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=209510, retrieved 14 June 2021

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