Pyrrosia stolzii (Hieron.) Schelpe

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Synonyms: Cyclophorus stolzii (Hieron.) Hieron.
Niphobolus stolzii Hieron.
Common names:
Status: Native
Rhizome c. 1.5 - 3 mm. thick, shortly creeping; rhizome scales dull-brown, lanceolate in outline, up to 2 (5.2) mm. long, subentire below and ciliate above. Frond c. 1 cm. apart, stipitate, carnose-coriaceous. Stipe up to 9 cm. long, tomentose at first becoming glabrous with age. Lamina up to 25 × 3 cm., simple, lanceolate or elliptic to oblanceolate in outline, apex with a sharp and rather abrupt point, base narrowly cuneate-decurrent, entire; upper surface subglabrous, lower surface dirty whitish to pale brown, tomentose with two kinds of stellate hairs, the larger with thin straight arms c. 0.7 mm. long-standing above more numerous smaller hairs with twisted matted arms. Sori apical or extending all over lamina, emerging through the hairs.
Derivation of specific name: stolzii: after Adolf Ferdinand Stolz (1871-1917), German missionary, merchant and plant collector in Angola and Malawi, particularly of orchids.
Habitat: In rainforests and cloudforests, moderately to deeply shaded
Altitude range: 1800 - 2150 m
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia
Malawi distribution: N,C
Growth form(s): Epiphyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
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Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 90.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 38. (Includes a picture).

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 26.

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Page 77.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 98.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 165.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 147 - 148.

Verdcourt, B. (2001). Polypodiaceae F.T.E.A. Page 9.

Other sources of information about Pyrrosia stolzii:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Pyrrosia stolzii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pyrrosia stolzii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pyrrosia stolzii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pyrrosia stolzii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pyrrosia stolzii
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iNaturalist: Pyrrosia stolzii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pyrrosia stolzii
JSTOR Plant Science: Pyrrosia stolzii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pyrrosia stolzii
Plants of the World Online: Pyrrosia stolzii
Tropicos: Pyrrosia stolzii
Wikipedia: Pyrrosia stolzii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Pyrrosia stolzii., retrieved 24 June 2024

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