Coniogramme africana Hieron.

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Synonyms: Asplenium mary-annae G. Kunkel
Coniogramme fraxinea (D.Don) Diels
Gymnogramme serrulate sensu Kuhn
Common names:
Frequency: Rare
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizome creeping, up to 8 mm in diameter; rhizome scales about 6 mm long, brown, concolorous, lanceolate in outline, apex gradually tapering to a point. Fronds spaced, 1–4 cm apart, herbaceous, arching. Stipe straw-coloured or tinged purple, up to 45 cm long with scales similar to the rhizome at the base, otherwise glabrous. Lamina 50 × 30 cm or larger, pinnate but with the lowest pair of pinnae pinnatifid. Pinnae oblanceolate or linear-oblong in outline, 10–30 cm long, 2–5 cm wide, abruptly ending in a long tail-like tip at the apex, wedge-shaped at the base, margin minutely toothed, glabrous; veins thickened near margin above. Rhachis straw-coloured, glabrous. Sori linear along the veins, exindusiate.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: Moist rain forest
Altitude range: 1980 m (approx)
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa.
Malawi distribution: N
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 86.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 40. (Includes a picture).

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 25.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 73.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 106.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 102. (Includes a picture).

Verdcourt, B. (2002). Adiantaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 48 - 49. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Coniogramme africana:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Coniogramme africana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Coniogramme africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Coniogramme africana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Coniogramme africana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Coniogramme africana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Coniogramme africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Coniogramme africana
iNaturalist: Coniogramme africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Coniogramme africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Coniogramme africana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Coniogramme africana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Coniogramme africana
Plants of the World Online: Coniogramme africana
The Plant List (version 1.1): Coniogramme africana
Tropicos: Coniogramme africana
Wikipedia: Coniogramme africana


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Coniogramme africana.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=214880, retrieved 23 September 2019

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