Streptocarpus milanjianus Hilliard & B.L. Burtt

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Streptocarpus milanjianus

Photo: Carl Bruessow
Mt Mulanje.

Streptocarpus milanjianus

Photo: Carl Bruessow
Mt Mulanje.

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Common names:
Status: Native
Perennial herb growing from a rhizome. Leaves up to c. 10, 2-ranked at the apex of the rhizome, elliptic, up to 33 cm long but often much smaller, base cuneate, silky appressed-hairy above, very densely pubescent on the reddish-purple veins beneath and sparingly so between the veins, margin irregularly serrate; flowering leaves with a distinct curved pseudo-petiole, up to c.10 cm long, reddish-purple, hairy. Inflorescences 1–3, arising below the base of the leaf from the pseudo-petiole, up to 20-flowered; peduncles up to 20 cm long, reddish-purple, with spreading reddish-purple hairs, some glandular above; pedicels up to 20 mm long, with most of the hairs glandular. Bracts linear, up to 7 mm long, heiry. Corolla c. 15–22 mm long, glandular-pubescent outside, bearded with long hairs inside on the roof of the tube, white flushed dull purple below on the outside of the tube and three reddish-purple bands inside; tube 8–12 mm long and c. 6–8 mm wide at the mouth; upper lobes 4–5 mm long and 3-4 mm wide; side lobes 4-6 mm long and wide; lip c. 7–10 mm long, projecting forward. Stamens arising in lower third of tube; filaments swollen above the middle, purple-spotted. Capsule up to 26 mm. long with the persistent style at the tip.
Derivation of specific name: milanjianus: of Mt Mulanje, Malawi.
Habitat: In shade on moss-covered rocks by streams in forest.
Altitude range: 1670 - 1950 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Only known from Mt Mulanje, Malawi
Malawi distribution: S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 17 April 2019

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 87.

Hilliard, O.M. & Burtt, B.L. (1988). Gesneriaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3) Pages 52 - 53.

Strugnell, A.M. (2002). Endemics of Mt. Mulanje. The endemic spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Systematics and Geography of Plants 72 Page 17.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 107.

Other sources of information about Streptocarpus milanjianus:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Streptocarpus milanjianus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Streptocarpus milanjianus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Streptocarpus milanjianus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Streptocarpus milanjianus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Streptocarpus milanjianus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Streptocarpus milanjianus
JSTOR Plant Science: Streptocarpus milanjianus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Streptocarpus milanjianus
Plants of the World Online: Streptocarpus milanjianus
Tropicos: Streptocarpus milanjianus
Wikipedia: Streptocarpus milanjianus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Streptocarpus milanjianus., retrieved 23 April 2024

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