Epipactis africana Rendle

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Synonyms: Amesia africana (Rendle) A. Nelson
Epipactis excelsa Kraenzl.
Helleborine africana (Rendle) Druce
Serapias africana (Rendle) Eaton
Common names:
Status: Native
Robust terrestrial, 1-2.5 m tall with a purplish stem. Leaves throughout the stem, lanceolate to ovate, 16-21 cm long, dark green, plicate, clasping the stem. Inflorescence an elongated few- to many-flowered raceme; bracts leaf-like, 4-5.5 cm long. Flowers pendent, yellow-green with purple veining on the sepals; lip maroon-brown to brick red.
Derivation of specific name: africana: african.
Habitat: Riverine forest, in wet soil by streams in deep shade.
Altitude range: 1300 - 1980 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya, Zamzania, Malawi and Mozambique.
Malawi distribution: N,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 323. (Includes a picture).

Harris, T., Darbyshire, I. & Polhill, R. (2011). New species and range extensions from Mt Namuli, Mt Mabu and Mt Chiperone in northern Mozambique Kew Bulletin 66(2) Page 248.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 14 - 15. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Pages 27 - 29. (Includes a picture).

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Pages 111 - 112. (Includes a picture).

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 107 - 109. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Epipactis africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Epipactis africana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Epipactis africana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Epipactis africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Epipactis africana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Epipactis africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Epipactis africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Epipactis africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Epipactis africana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Epipactis africana
Plants of the World Online: Epipactis africana
Tropicos: Epipactis africana
Wikipedia: Epipactis africana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Epipactis africana.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=216630, retrieved 26 September 2023

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