Cynorkis symoensii Geerinck & Tournay

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Common names:
Frequency: Local and rare.
Status: Native
Terrestrial, lithophytic or epiphytic herb 11–15 cm high. Leaves 2 at the base, semi-erect, narrowly elliptic, 8–11 cm long, dark glossy-green. Peduncle hairless with 2–4 leaves, sheath-like, up to 13 mm long. Inflorescence c. 5 cm long, fairly densely up to 12-flowered; bracts lanceolate, c. 7 mm long. Sepals green, petals magenta, lip bright magenta-pink. Dorsal sepal ovate, 3.5–5 mm long, very convex; lateral sepals obliquely ovate, 4 mm long. Petals similar to lateral sepals, forming a hood with the dorsal sepal. Lip wedge-shaped, 10 × 12 mm, 3-lobed with the mid-lobe reduced to a small point. Side lobes 5–8 mm long and wide. Spur 7–8 mm long, parallel to the ovary, swollen at apex.
Derivation of specific name: symoensii:after Jean-Jacques A. Symoens (1927-2014), Belgian botanist.
Habitat: Embedded in moss on rocks or lianas up to 4 m above the ground.
Altitude range: 1800 m (approx)
Flowering time:Apr
Worldwide distribution: Rwanda, Tanzania and northern Malawi.
Malawi distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 27.

Geerinck, D. (1977). Deux nouvelles espèces d' Orchidaceae pour le Rwanda et le Burundi Bulletin du Jardin Botanique national de Belgique 47(3/4) Page 484. Protologue

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 55.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 49. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Cynorkis symoensii:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Cynorkis symoensii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cynorkis symoensii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cynorkis symoensii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cynorkis symoensii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cynorkis symoensii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cynorkis symoensii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cynorkis symoensii
JSTOR Plant Science: Cynorkis symoensii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cynorkis symoensii
Plants of the World Online: Cynorkis symoensii
Tropicos: Cynorkis symoensii
Wikipedia: Cynorkis symoensii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Cynorkis symoensii., retrieved 24 February 2024

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